By M. Kahancová
The booklet bargains an inquiry into the development of employment practices in a multinational corporation throughout Western and japanese Europe. within the complicated company and host-country affects, social interplay among the enterprise and native actors is gifted because the underlying social mechanism by which paintings practices are built.
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Extra info for One Company, Diverse Workplaces: The Social Construction of Employment Practices in Western and Eastern Europe
The next two organizational approaches take greater notice of uncertainty and environmental influences on MNC behaviour. The structural contingency approach ‘has transformed the one best way of classical [microeconomic] theory (one optimal organization model for all situations) into many optimal models as a function of organizational context’ (Grandori 1987: 5, emphasis added). The perspective emphasizes the fact that within the unitary interest in profitability, company behaviour is a function of interest and the environment (Lawrence and Lorsch 1967; Thompson 1967).
In global (inter-corporate) isomorphism, the MNC is subjected to isomorphic pressures from key competitors in international markets. indd 26 2/25/2010 1:45:56 AM successful organizations with a possibility of emergent employment practices, distinct from both home- and host-country standards (Ferner and Quintanilla 1998). Finally, host-country isomorphism encourages adaptation to local conditions in particular host countries. MNCs should then search for local effectiveness in conformity with host-country institutions and construct their subsidiary practices accordingly.
Building on the argument of Chapter 5 that MNC interaction with local employee representatives is central in constructing employment practices, Chapter 6 asks what role employee representatives play at the international level in facilitating or constraining the locally embedded construction process. The analysis uncovers East – West interaction of trade unions at the national, sectoral and company level, and through the MNC’s European Works Council (EWC). Comparing original empirical evidence with the existing literature on Europeanization of trade unions and cross-border interaction, I make a case for two distinct faces of cross-border trade union interaction: a cooperative one at the national and sectoral level, and a competitive one at the company level.