On the truth of the Catholic faith = Summa contra Gentiles. by ST THOMAS AQUINAS

By ST THOMAS AQUINAS

Translated, with an advent and notes, by way of James F. Anderson

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Extra info for On the truth of the Catholic faith = Summa contra Gentiles. Book two: Creation

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Hence, there is no need for another creation by which creation itself is created, and so on to infinity. Chapter 19. THAT I N CREATION N O SUCCESSION EXISTS [ 1] From the foregoing it is also clear that all creation is successionless. [2] For succession characterizes motion. But creation is not a motion, nor the term of a motion, as a change is; hence, there is no succession in it. [ 3] In every successive motion, furthermore, there exists some mean between the extremes of the motion; for a mean is that which a continuously moved thing attains first before reaching the terminal point.

3 But, where the whole substance of a thing is brought into being, there can be no same thing existing in different ways, because such a thing would not itself be produced, but would be presupposed to the production. Hence, creation is not a change. [5] Furthermore, motion or change must precede that which Cf. Aristotle, Physics, III, 6 ( 201a 10 ) . 2. See above, ch. 16. 3 · Cf. Aristotle, Pl1ysics, V, 1 ( 22 s a 1 ) . 1. Summa Contra Gentiles BOOK TWO: CREATION 55 results therefrom; for in the being of the made lies the begin­ ning of rest and the term of motion.

THAT THE ACT O F CREATING BELONGS T O GOD ALONE [ 1 ] In the light of what has been said, it can be shown further that creation is an action proper to God, and that He alone can create. 5· Aristotle, Pllysics, VIII, 10 ( 266a 2 5 ) . 6 . Aristotle, Pllysics, VII, 2 (243a 4) . Summa Contra Gentiles BOOK Two: CREATION 61 [21 Corresponding to the order of agents is the order of actions; for the nobler the agent, the nobler is its action; so that the first action must belong to the first agent. But crea­ tion is the first action because it presupposes no other action, whereas all others presuppose it.

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