Monitoring Metabolic Status: Predicting Decrements in by Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board, Standing

By Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board, Standing Committee on Military Nutrition Research, Committee on Metabolic Monitoring for Military Field Applications

The U.S. military's matters concerning the person strive against provider member's skill to prevent functionality degradation, along with the necessity to preserve either psychological and actual features in hugely annoying occasions, have resulted in and curiosity in constructing equipment during which commanders can video display the prestige of the strive against provider individuals within the box. This file examines acceptable organic markers, tracking applied sciences presently to be had and short of improvement, and applicable algorithms to interpret the knowledge received with the intention to offer info for command judgements relative to the physiological 'readiness' of every strive against provider member. extra in particular, this document additionally presents responses to questions posed via the army relative to tracking the metabolic rules in the course of lengthy, exhaustive efforts, the place nutrition/hydration and service mechanisms should be mismatched to intakes and relaxation, or the place particular metabolic derangements are current.

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Additional resources for Monitoring Metabolic Status: Predicting Decrements in Physiological and Cognitive Performance

Sample text

The study of interactions between living systems and their environment has tested the limits of research methodologies and theoretical models. The typical research design oversimplifies the complexity of these relationships and thus does not unambiguously allow for inferences about organism-environment interactions. Rather, these designs tend to obscure underlying processes by shrouding rich individual data with group data aggregation procedures (Glass and Mackey, 1988; O’Connor, 1990). It is a truism in the biobehavioral sciences that no single measure or aspect of responding can adequately represent a complex latent construct (Nesselroade and 37 38 MONITORING METABOLIC STATUS Ford, 1987; Schwartz, 1986).

2000. Use of bioelectrical impedance analysis to estimate body fluid compartments after acute variations of the body hydration level. Med Sci Sports Exerc 32:857–864. Kram R, Taylor CR. 1990. Energetics of running: A new perspective. Nature 346:265–267. Kraning KK, Gonzalez RR. 1997. A mechanistic computer simulation of human work in heat that accounts for physical and physiological effects of clothing, aerobic fitness, and progressive dehydration. J Therm Biol 22:331–342. Maron MB, Wagner JA, Horvath SM.

Although their operational environment is generally more pleasant than the ones faced by infantry personnel, the continuous high-level cognitive demands of accomplishing the mission, combined with the responsibilities for an expensive aircraft that is fully-loaded with powerful weaponry, creates a high level of ongoing operational stress. Similar difficulties are faced by B-2 pilots who often fly missions that extend beyond 30 hours with only two pilots on board. In addition, today’s high-performance aircraft can easily exceed the limits of human physiological tolerances.

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