Metaphor in Context by Josef Stern

By Josef Stern

The numerous philosophers, linguists, and cognitive scientists writing on metaphor over the last 20 years have usually taken without any consideration that metaphor lies outdoors, if no longer against, bought conceptions of semantics and grammar. Assuming that metaphor can't be defined through or inside semantics, they declare that metaphor has little, if whatever, to educate us approximately semantic thought. during this booklet Josef Stern demanding situations those assumptions. he's involved basically with the query: Given the acquired belief of the shape and targets of semantic conception, does metaphorical interpretation, in complete or half, fall inside its scope? in particular, he asks, what (if something) does a speaker-hearer understand as a part of her semantic competence while she understands the translation of a metaphor? based on Stern, the reply to those questions lies within the systematic context-dependence of metaphorical interpretation. Drawing on a deep analogy among demonstratives, indexicals, and metaphors, Stern develops a proper idea of metaphorical that means that underlies a speaker's skill to interpret a metaphor. together with his semantics, he additionally addresses a number of philosophical and linguistic concerns raised via metaphor. those comprise the interpretive constitution of advanced prolonged metaphors, the cognitive importance of metaphors and their literal paraphrasability, the pictorial personality of metaphors, the function of similarity and exemplification in metaphorical interpretation, metaphor-networks, useless metaphors, the relation of metaphors to different figures, and the dependence of metaphors on literal meanings. in contrast to such a lot metaphor theorists, in spite of the fact that, who take those difficulties to be sui generis to metaphor, Stern subsumes them lower than a similar rubric as different semantic evidence that carry for nonmetaphorical language.

Show description

Read Online or Download Metaphor in Context PDF

Similar theory books

Voodoo Histories: The Role of the Conspiracy Theory in Shaping Modern History

A historical past so humorous, so precise, so frightening, it's sure to be referred to as a conspiracy.

"Meticulous in its examine, forensic in its reasoning, strong in its argument, and sometimes hilarious in its debunking, Voodoo Histories is a hugely pleasing rumble with the century's significant conspiracy theorists and their theories" (John Lahr). From Pearl Harbor to Sep 11 to the assassination of JFK to the Birthers, Aaronvitch probes and explores the key conspiracy theories (and theorists) of our time. In doing so, he examines why humans think those conspiracies and makes an issue for a real skepticism.

Theory and Applications of Relational Structures as Knowledge Instruments: COST Action 274, TARSKI. Revised Papers

Relational buildings abound in our day-by-day surroundings: relational databases, facts mining, scaling methods, choice family, and so forth. because the documentation of clinical effects completed in the eu price motion 274, TARSKI, this ebook advances the knowledge of relational buildings and using relational tools in a number of software fields.

Theory and Practice of Risk Assessment: ICRA 5, Tomar, Portugal, 2013

This booklet covers the most recent ends up in the sphere of probability research. provided issues contain probabilistic types in melanoma learn, types and techniques in durability, epidemiology of melanoma hazard, engineering reliability and least expensive probability difficulties. The contributions of this quantity originate from the fifth overseas convention on threat research (ICRA 5).

Extra info for Metaphor in Context

Sample text

Thus Richard Rorty: [S]emantical notions like ``meaning'' have a role only within the quite narrow . . limits of regular, predictable, linguistic behaviorÐthe limits which mark o¨ (temporarily) the literal use of language. In Quine's image, the realm of meaning is a relatively small ``cleared'' area within the jungle of use. . To say . . that ``metaphor belongs exclusively to the domain of use'' is simply to say that . . 15 In this sense, its ``context-dependence'' or status as ``use'' would seem to render metaphor impregnable to any kind of theoretical explanation and to semantic theory in particular.

In Quine's image, the realm of meaning is a relatively small ``cleared'' area within the jungle of use. . To say . . that ``metaphor belongs exclusively to the domain of use'' is simply to say that . . 15 In this sense, its ``context-dependence'' or status as ``use'' would seem to render metaphor impregnable to any kind of theoretical explanation and to semantic theory in particular. ''16 This description, which recalls Aristotle's and Kant's discussions of genius, might ®t the creations of some masters of metaphor, but it is a far cry from the metaphorical competence required for its mastery by the ordinary interpreter.

I rely on some distinction between the metaphorical and the literal and I accept the truism (in a sense yet to be explicated) that the metaphorical depends on the literal. But I shall not defend either of these assumptions at this stage. For one thing, critics who baldly deny the distinction owe us, in my view, a clear statement of what they think they are denying; for another, I cannot yet clearly articulate the distinction I wish to draw without much more groundwork. Indeed, di¨erent notions of the literal will emerge in the coming chapters and, as I'll argue in chapter 8, the notion of the literal is in worse theoretical shape than the metaphorical.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.25 of 5 – based on 31 votes