Medicine, Magic and Religion (International Library of by W. Rivers

By W. Rivers

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From the reviews:

". .. the writer takes at the tremendous bold problem of defining psychology, articulating conceptually its relatives with different sciences, choosing its key theoretical rules, and resolving its a variety of schisms (research/practice, neuroscience/social technological know-how, animal/human, bewildering array of doubtless nonoverlapping theories and therapies). .. He has an amazing skill to explain, learn, and summarize in a couple of pages monstrous and intricate parts of study (attributions, cognitive dissonance, behavioral types of melancholy. .. .. .. ) with out getting slowed down in examine info. .. I specifically loved the extra own info and anecdotes the publication layout gave him the gap to incorporate -- e. g. , improvement of the "Justification Hypothesis" because the "joint point" among brain and tradition takes to the air from his reflections on why he used to be overdue getting domestic for dinner one evening in grad tuition. and a few of his reviews on psychotherapy integration take as element of departure unique research of what he saw as undertaking director for a medical trial of cognitive remedy in prevention of recurrent suicide makes an attempt that by no means made the ultimate released record of the learn. .. All instructed, it's no longer gentle analyzing, but when you get pleasure from puzzling over titanic photograph subject matters you will discover loads of nutrition for concept right here. " (Dave Haaga, American collage, September 2011)

"Like sociology and anthropology, psychology is outlined by way of incompatible competing colleges of concept. and can't be thought of a mature technological know-how, simply because there isn't any experience during which every one new release of researchers builds upon the center analytical insights of prior generations of researchers… This e-book is written for scientific and examine psychologists, and as a result avoids this kind of mathematical version development and axiomatization that's attribute of mature sciences… Henriques notes that it truly is virtually most unlikely to outline modern psychology simply because many psychologists give some thought to psychology to be a thought of the workings of the brain, whereas others deny the idea of "mind" altogether, and restrict themselves to modeling saw habit. consequently, Henriques takes his first aim to be that of "locating" the sector ontologically. He argues that there's a Tree of data with 4 segments. the 1st is "Matter," that is studied via physics, chemistry, geology, and astronomy. the second one is "Life," studied via biology. The 3rd is "Mind," that is the subject material of psychology, and the fourth, and optimum, is "Culture," studied by way of the social sciences. Henriques can pay specific recognition to the 3 issues of junction among segments of the Tree of information. He says the Matter-Life junction is modeled through organic evolutionary idea, the Life-Mind junction is modeled by way of what he calls Behavioral funding concept, and the Mind-Culture junction is modeled by means of what he calls Justification thought. through Behavioral funding thought, Henriques skill primarily the rational selection version of determination, organic and fiscal thought, even if he provides a measurement of complexity to human habit through asserting that Justification thought calls for a "rational emotional actor" that isn't competently modeled in average rational selection thought (p. , 46). i'd upload that Henriques additionally comprises online game conception as a part of Behavioral funding concept, just because decision-making while there are a number of brokers concerned calls for game-theoretic reasoning. This standpoint is easy to monetary conception. In biology, the extension of choice thought (e. g. , foraging conception) to online game thought was once pioneered by way of John Maynard Smith, Evolution and the speculation of video games (Cambridge collage Press, 1982), and now could be average in all of animal habit thought. In Henriques' cutting edge terminology, social interactions are ruled by means of an "Influence Matrix," that's a part of the psychology of the person who regulates how the person pertains to others. Henriques stresses the emotional aspect of such interplay and avoids all video game theoretic reasoning in addition to any research of the position of incentives and payoffs within the number of behaviors ruled by way of the effect Matrix… i think Henriques' espousal of Behavioral funding thought is an important integrating notion during this ebook. If this precept by myself have been included uniformly all through learn psychology, it will offer a lot of the sought-for analytical core…A New Unified concept of Psychology is terrifically tough, to the purpose of probably being a brand new starting for psychology as a study self-discipline. ” (Herb Gintis, Santa Fe Institute and important ecu college, September 2011)

“Offers a collection of nested frameworks that places diverse elements of mental study and perform right into a coherent dating with one another. … it's also beneficial that the publication has first-class transitions, with summaries usually reminding the readers the place they've been and watching for the place they're going. … If i'll train a graduate-level advent to Psychology, this could be the publication. If i'll suggest one booklet to colleagues distraught on the fragmented nature of the sphere, this could be the booklet. ” (Eric P. Charles, PsycCRITIQUES, Vol. fifty seven (26), July, 2012)

From the again Cover

Following the loss of life of the so-called grand theories provided via luminaries like Sigmund Freud, B. F. Skinner, and Carl Rogers, the sector of psychology principally gave up its early aspirations to color a extensive photo of the human situation, and now the self-discipline focuses totally on empirical difficulties that experience a comparatively slender scope. The end result has been a proliferation of attention-grabbing findings with out actual skill to respond to great questions or to generate a shared normal realizing of the human . This booklet seeks to alter the established order and gives up a brand new unified conception of psychology that redefines the technological know-how and the career and paints a brand new photo of human nature within the procedure.

Praise for
A New Unified conception of Psychology

“The box of psychology is understood for its paradoxical blend of sweeping scope and ambitious micro-theories, at the one hand, and fragmentation and internecine squabbling, at the different. To this situation, any critical attempt to supply integration and solidarity inside of mental wisdom and figuring out is heartily welcomed. And Henriques' attempt during this regard isn't just severe, yet the most cogent, scholarly, refined, superbly reasoned, essentially articulated, and accessibly written shows of a unified idea in psychology that i've got obvious in my 50 years within the self-discipline. ”

Daniel B. Fishman, writer of The Case for Pragmatic Psychology,
Professor, Rutgers college

“As the sector of psychology has grown, so have the demanding situations of fragmentation and of misunderstandings. This courageous publication represents a noble quest to supply a extensive, values-based, and medical framework which holds the facility to arrange our paintings and flow us ahead in powerful, new methods. ”

Lawrence G. Calhoun, writer of Facilitating Post-Traumatic Growth,
Professor, college of North Carolina-Charlotte

“In this very bold ebook, Henriques makes a powerful case for why daring efforts are wanted within the fragmented realm of mental learn and idea. even though diverse readers will most likely make varied judgments approximately how good Henriques has succeeded in his goals, it however is an act of highbrow bold that could maybe encourage psychologists to seem open air the slim confines of a unmarried laboratory paradigm and open their pondering to how one can deal with the entire variety of human habit and event. ”

Paul L. Wachtel, writer of healing Communication,
Distinguished Professor, CUNY

“Concise, erudite, and useful, this publication is a manifesto that demanding situations psychology to maneuver prior fragmented domain names of data to a consilient framework, for you to permit multi-disciplinary discourse and clinical advances. I recommend all scientists, psychotherapists, and students spend your time familiarizing themselves with the suggestions and recommendations provided during this seminal quantity through a number one student. ”

Jeffrey Magnavita, writer of character Guided Relational Psychotherapy,

The Purloined Poe: Lacan, Derrida, and Psychoanalytic Reading

Jacques Lacan's seminar on "The Purloined Letter" instantly challenged literary theorists and published a considerably new belief of psychoanalysis. His far-reaching claims approximately language and fact provoked a energetic critique through Jacques Derrida, whose essay in flip has spawned extra responses from Barbara Johnson, Jane Gallop, Irene Harvey, Norman Holland, and others.

The Rosetta Stone of the Human Mind: Three languages to integrate neurobiology and psychology

The learn of the brain-mind advanced has been hampered by way of the dichotomy among target organic neuroscience and subjective mental technological know-how, in line with speculative topographic types and psychodynamics formulations. the 2 antithetical avenues of study, premises, and dynamic hypotheses, have developed in a polarization of neuroscience.

Extra info for Medicine, Magic and Religion (International Library of Psychology)

Sample text

There is another indication that medicine in the strict sense of the term is becoming dissociated in Eddy-stone Island from the religious attitude. The influence of the being called Mateana shows itself in the occurrence of fever, pain, and weakness, this complex of symptoms being called tagosoro. At the present time there seems to be a distinct tendency to diagnose and treat tagosoro as a morbid entity, independently of any belief in the anger of Mateana or the transgression of a taboo. This was probably the case in the three treatments for tagosoro carried out on the patient I have already mentioned, while the treatment for symptoms ascribed to Ave may also have been of a similar nature.

The sign of the kenjo is put up on or by the side of the tree or trees to be tabooed, and consists of several plants, the number of leaves or shoots of each plant being usually four, the sacred number of the island. The taboo sign of kirengge also includes a stone and a coral, both of which irritate the skin when touched, as well as the butterfly called kirengge, the common use of this word for the butterfly and epilepsy being due to the resemblance between the movements of the insect and those of the disease.

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