By Tom Cunliffe
Nice source booklet for crusing, principles, universal difficulties
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Professional send surveyor Don Butler stocks a lifetime's send fix costing adventure during this designated source for exact price estimation and making plans contains tough to come back by means of info on commonplace send fix exertions expectancies for exact man-hour forecasting and value estimation Produced for marine engineers and marine pros to assist with fix specification and negotiation, supporting you to devise paintings and budgets extra reliably makes use of man-hours instead of specific premiums or currencies, supplying a long term version for pricing despite situation, expense fluctuation or inflation Bringing jointly another way scattered information on particular fix and dry-docking actions, this valuable consultant will prevent time and increase the accuracy of your send fix estimates.
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Extra info for Manual of Seamanship
Containers and Intermodality Unitised transport refers to the movement of freight in a standardised loading unit, which may be a single consignment of goods or may be a groupage load of smaller consignments managed by a freight forwarder. The unit in question, often referred to as an ‘intermodal transport unit’ (ITU) or ‘intermodal loading unit’ (ILU) may be an ISO maritime container, a swap body or a semi-trailer. ISO containers are the strongest loading unit, as well as being stackable. They are, therefore, the most versatile.
6 Again, these can be rigid or curtain-sided or whatever formation is suitable for the cargo. ISO containers, swap bodies and semi-trailers can also carry temperature-controlled goods, with their own integrated refrigerating units (requiring a regular power source). Road vehicles can also be carried on rail wagons in their entirety (as in the Channel Tunnel). This is referred to as ‘piggyback’, and is less common than utilising a container (Lowe, 2005; Woxenius and Bergqvist, 2011). Despite the impression that intermodal transport is a seamless journey from origin to destination, a massive amount of effort is required to underpin this apparent integration between land and sea transport.
2010), which generally means a large amount of production or consumption nearby with a suitable distance to origin or destination to support regular longdistance trunk hauls where rail or barge is the natural mode. Various break-even distances have been suggested in the literature (usually averaging at around 500 km), but the reality is that it depends on operational considerations. The longer the distance, the more likely that the increased handling costs of changing mode from road to rail/barge will be offset by the cheaper per-unit transport cost.