Kofi Annan by Rachel A. Koestler-Grack

By Rachel A. Koestler-Grack

In December 2001, Kofi A. Annan and the United international locations association obtained the Nobel Peace Prize; Annan, the secretary-general of the United international locations, was once well-known for his paintings "for a greater geared up and extra peaceable world." Kofi Annan specializes in this leader's efforts to reinforce and revitalize the United international locations and produce it into the twenty first century. In bestowing the Prize, the Nobel Committee acknowledged Mr. Annan "had been pre-eminent in bringing new lifestyles to the organization." in keeping with the UN, the secretary-general is "equal elements diplomat and recommend, civil servant and CEO...a image of United international locations beliefs and a spokesman for the pursuits of the world's peoples, specifically the negative and susceptible between them." Fifty-one nations based the association in 1945 to maintain global peace; this day club totals 191 international locations. because the 7th secretary-general, Annan has labored to revitalize the association via strengthening its conventional function within the parts of improvement and the upkeep of overseas peace and defense. Born in Kumasi, Ghana, in 1938, Annan joined the United international locations in 1962, and obtained many distinct assignments ahead of his appointment to secretary-general in 1997. he's married to Nane Annan of Sweden, a legal professional and artist. they've got 3 youngsters

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39 40 Kofi Annan assistant secretary-general for program planning, budget and finance. His diplomatic efforts proved he was much too talented to stay stuck in budgets and numbers for long, however. Unfortunately, Annan’s talks did not bring peace in the gulf. On the night of January 17, coalition forces struck Baghdad with the first air attack of Operation Desert Storm. A month later, on February 24, coalition troops started a massive ground assault, smashing the links between Iraqi forces in Kuwait and their bases in Iraq.

It did not take long for resentment to grow barbs in the north. When rebellion erupted, Barre responded by shelling northern cities. At the end of it all, the main city of Hargeisa had been reduced to 46 Kofi Annan rubble, and thousands of civilians lay dead in the streets. Three hundred thousand refugees fled to Ethiopia for safety. Paranoid about further uprisings, Barre began to depend even more on his own clan, alienating other clans and subclans in the south. Finally, they, too, revolted against him.

On August 25, the Security Council agreed to allow Allied ships in the Persian Gulf to enforce the embargo against Iraq, using force if necessary. In early September, Hussein began releasing foreigners being held in Kuwait—quelling some fears that there would be a prolonged hostage crisis. This first act of leniency raised UN hopes that Hussein might be open to diplomatic negotiations and ultimately stand down. He did not release all hostages detained behind Iraqi lines, however, and still made no moves to withdraw from Kuwait.

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