By Victoria Schofield
How has the valley of Kashmir, famed for its good looks and quietness, develop into the focal point of a dispute with the possibility of nuclear clash? How does the Kashmir separatist move problem the integrity of the Indian country and threaten the soundness of a area of super strategic importance?В As Pakistan and India sq. up for what may perhaps turn into an immense local clash, Victoria SchofieldвЂ™s e-book examines the Kashmir query, from the interval whilst the valley used to be an self sufficient nation to its present prestige as a battleground for 2 of the worldвЂ™s most up-to-date nuclear powers: India and Pakistan. Schofield lines the origins of the clash within the nineteenth century and explains the problems that divide India and Pakistan, assessesing the army positions of either states as their troops mass alongside the border.
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Extra info for Kashmir in Conflict: India, Pakistan And the Unending War
The result of subsequent negotiations was the lease by the British of the Gilgit Agency north of the Indus for a period of sixty years from March . In the suggestion made at the Round Table Conferences for an allIndia federation was formulated into the Government of India Act. The legislation provided for autonomous legislative bodies in the eleven provinces of British India, as well as the creation of a central Government which would represent the provinces and the princely states.
In the Mirwaiz, the religious leader of the Muslims of the valley, formed an association, the Anjuman-i Nusrat-ul Islam, whose objective was to improve the condition of the Muslims, especially in education. Initially, political awareness in the state of Jammu and Kashmir was not linked to the movement for ‘responsible’ government which was making itself increasingly evident to the British in the opening decades of the th century, spearheaded by the activities of the Indian National Congress, founded in , and the Muslim League, which was established in .
Hari Singh, however, never seemed to have given the future of his state nor indeed the sub-continent the consideration it deserved. At the end of August the Kashmiri political leaders once more took to the streets to protest against unemployment, high taxes, revenue demands and lack of medical facilities. Muslims, Hindus, Sikhs made common cause and went to jail together. As soon as they emerged from prison at the beginning of March , they once more reiterated their commitment to secularism.