Introduction to Research in Education, 8th Edition by Donald Ary, Lucy Cheser Jacobs, Asghar Razavieh, Christine

By Donald Ary, Lucy Cheser Jacobs, Asghar Razavieh, Christine K. Sorensen

This e-book is designed to be used in introductory classes in schooling study, that is a customary supplying in approximately each graduate application in colleges and schools of schooling. classes are designed to supply scholars with an summary of quantitative and qualitative learn tools, addressing such issues as learn designs, pattern choice, info assortment, experimental learn, and knowledge research.

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Positivists believe that general principles or laws govern the social world as they do the physical world and that through objective procedures researchers can discover these principles and apply them to understand human behavior. The positivists, such as Francis Bacon (recall the anecdote in Chapter 1), stressed observation as the primary source of dependable knowledge. Positivism is often considered the traditional scientific method, which involves hypothesis testing and objective data gathering to arrive at findings that are systematic, generalizable, and open to replication by other investigators.

8. What are the characteristics of a useful theory? 9. Which of the following would contribute to theory development in education? a. Evidence that supports the hypothesis of a study b. Evidence that refutes the hypothesis of a study c. (a) only d. (a) and (b) ANSWERS 1. a. Inductive reasoning b. Deductive reasoning c. Scientific approach d. Deductive reasoning e. Scientific approach f. Scientific approach 2. Theory integrates findings, summarizes information, provides leads for new research, and enables people to explain and predict phenomena.

Scientific approach d. Deductive reasoning e. Scientific approach f. Scientific approach 2. Theory integrates findings, summarizes information, provides leads for new research, and enables people to explain and predict phenomena. 3. An inductive theory serves to explain previous observations, whereas a deductive theory is developed before extensive observations have been made. 4. Answers will vary. 5. a. The argument is flawed; the major premise is not valid. b. The argument is correct. 6. a. The argument is correct.

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