By Gisela Labouvie-Vief
This ebook synthesizes the literature on emotional improvement and cognition around the lifespan. The publication proposes a center language wherein to explain confident and problematical developmental adjustments by means of recourse to a parsimonious set of middle ideas, resembling elevations or declines in rigidity thresholds and their relation to the waxing and waning of the cognitive approach over the existence direction. It integrates, equally, the lifelong effects of the confident or destructive elements of the social milieu in fostering raises in stress thresholds with their complicated means for holding equilibrium and keeping off rigidity as opposed to a decreasing of hysteria thresholds with disturbances of equilibrium upkeep and heightened susceptibility to emphasize and deregulation.
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Extra info for Integrating Emotions and Cognition Throughout the Lifespan
Eckerman, Oehler, Hannan, & Molitor, 1995). The second relevant milestone is the growing connectivity between limbic and cortical systems during childhood. For example, the transition to self-regulatory behaviors during the second year of life often draws on higher control systems, reflecting the integration of the anterior cingulate gyrus that is implicated in the coordination of distress and attention. The functional connectivity to prefrontal regions marks the final steps in the development of this system by exerting inhibitory control (Diamond, 1990).
F. LeDoux, 2002, p. , 2012/1996). The capacity of synapses to preserve (remember) modifications that have occurred in previous firings is referred to as synaptic plasticity; in turn, the capacity of the brain and nervous system, generally, to modify themselves over time is referred to as neuroplasticity. As a result of such plasticity just described, then, new pathways and networks of neurons, and with them new learning, are created. These pathways build upon and enlarge the efficacy of the purely automatic mechanisms by which we are equipped through our ancestral genetic heritage.
The psychology of intelligence. New York: Harcourt Brace (Original work published in 1947). Piaget, J. (1976). The grasp of consciousness: Action and concept in the young child (S. ). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Piaget, J. (1981). Intelligence and affectivity: Their relationship during child development (T. A. Brown & C. E. ). Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews. Piaget, J. (1985). The equilibration of cognitive structures. Chicago: University of Chicago Press (Original work published 1975).