Historical Dictionary of the Kennedy-Johnson Era (Historical by Joseph M. Siracusa

By Joseph M. Siracusa

Within the background of the U.S., few sessions might extra justly be considered as the simplest and worst of instances than the Kennedy-Johnson period. the coming of John F. Kennedy within the White condo in 1961 unleashed an unparalleled wave of wish and optimism in a wide phase of the inhabitants; a wave that may come crashing down while he used to be assassinated just a couple of years later. His successor, Lyndon B. Johnson, loved much less recognition, yet he was once essentially the most skilled and expert presidents the rustic had ever noticeable, and he promised a superb Society to rival Kennedy's New Frontier. either presidents have been dogged via overseas coverage mess ups: Kennedy by means of the Bay of Pigs fiasco, even if he got here out forward at the Cuban missile trouble, and Johnson from the backlash of the Vietnam War.The Nineteen Sixties witnessed unheard of development towards racial and sexual equality, however it additionally performed host to race and concrete riots. And whereas notable advances within the sciences and humanities have been fueling the yankee mind's eye, the counterculture rejected all of it. The historic Dictionary of the Kennedy-Johnson period relates those occasions and gives large political, financial, and social historical past in this period via an in depth chronology, an creation, appendixes, a bibliography, and several other hundred cross-referenced dictionary entries on vital people, occasions, associations, guidelines, and concerns.

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By early 1965, 23,000 American troops were serving as advisers and only incidentally exposed to the risk of combat in South Vietnam. Attacks by the Viet Cong on American barracks in February altered the picture completely, with American retaliation for specific hostile acts transforming itself into a regular bombing campaign against North Vietnamese military targets. The air war with all its risks, was carried to within ten miles of the Chinese border. The landing of two Marine battalions at Danang, 6 May 1965, marked the introduction of the first American combat troops.

Both were comparatively young; both possessed an inner ruthlessness. Neither had the comforting image that had swept Eisenhower into office eight years before. Republican critics assailed the wealthy and Harvard-trained Kennedy as an irresponsible smart aleck, quoting former president Harry S. Truman to the effect that Kennedy was not ready to be president and the country was not ready for him. Critics of candidate Nixon questioned both his credentials and his integrity; the majority of liberals simply did not like anything about him.

Among these were the Higher Education Facilities Act, which authorized a five-year federal program for the growth and continuation or improvement of public and private higher education facilities; the Drug Industry Act, which established additional safeguards in the processing and prescription of drugs; and aid for research into mental illness and retardation. There can be no question that the president gave much thought and energy to the problem of inflation. For, “If recession is . . ” Kennedy firmly believed that the first line of defense against inflation was the good sense and public spirit of business and labor working together to keep their total increases in profits and wages in line with productivity.

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