By M.Cecil Smith
The time is true for this complete, state of the art guide that analyzes, integrates, and summarizes theoretical advances and learn findings on grownup improvement and studying - a quickly transforming into box reflecting demographic shifts towards an getting older inhabitants in Western societies. that includes contributions from admired students throughout different disciplinary fields (education, developmental psychology, public coverage, gerontology, neurology, public health and wellbeing, sociology, kinfolk experiences, and grownup education), the amount is geared up round six subject matters: theoretical views on grownup improvement and studying study equipment in grownup improvement examine on grownup improvement study on grownup studying getting older and gerontological study coverage views on getting older. The instruction manual is a necessary reference for researchers, school, graduate scholars and practitioners whose paintings relates to grownup and lifespan improvement and studying.
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Additional resources for Handbook of Research on Adult Learning and Development
Assimilative and accommodative tendencies are measured at the dispositional level. Assimilation is reflected in tenacious goal-pursuit, whereas accommodative tendencies are characterized by flexible goal attainment. The balance between gains and losses becomes increasingly negative with old age (Baltes, 1987, 1997). Brandtstädter’s model suggests that in order to cope with these developmental changes as people get older there will be a gradual shift from assimilative to accommodative modes of coping.
They include the influence of emotion on cognitive processing, and emotion regulation and problem solving. We will briefly review theories and findings in each of these areas. Is there a positivity effect with aging? An area that has received much theoretical attention in the extant aging literature is the positivity effect (Carstensen & Mikels, 2005) in which older adults show a processing priority for positive information leading to an accurate recall of positive information. In concert with the positivity effect, a negativity suppression effect (Blanchard-Fields, 2006) results in selective processing to minimize the processing of negative information.
Beliefs, Values, and Social Information Processing. There is growing evidence to suggest that individual differences in attitudes, values, and beliefs may determine the degree to which older adults are susceptible to biased social judgments (Blanchard-Fields & Hertzog, 2000; Hess, 1999). Recall the Chen and Blanchard-Fields (1997) finding that constraints in time pressure increased older adults’ use of dispositional attributions, thus implicating a cognitive mechanism. However, in this same study, social beliefs related to the situations were also assessed, and they were the better predictor of when dispositional judgments were made.