Handbook of Functional Dairy Products by Colette Shortt, John O'Brien

By Colette Shortt, John O'Brien

Practical dairy items were the point of interest of excessive learn and product improvement during the last 20 years. finally, this beneficial details has been compiled into one source that unearths key advances in practical dairy parts and items and identifies instructions for advertising and marketing and product improvement. instruction manual of sensible Dairy items explores the product improvement technique and the marketplace dynamics using product innovation. Chapters learn particular materials and items, safeguard and expertise matters, the effect of biotechnology, the regulatory surroundings, and the communique of health and wellbeing advantages. Emphasis is put on the aptitude contribution of practical dairy items within the upkeep of healthiness and prevention of affliction, and comprises in-depth discussions of the choice, creation, and merits of probiotics, dairy-derived carbohydrates and prebiotics, bioactive peptides, the immune modulating results of dairy elements, the overall healthiness results of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), and calcium and iron fortification.With a wealth of recent examine findings and insightful tips for nutrition product builders, this complete reference is a needs to for everybody taken with the technology, improvement, and advertising of sensible dairy items.

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Trends Food Sci. , 10, 1–4. , 1996, Performance of commercial cultures in fluid milk applications, J. , 79, 943–955. , 1995, Quality criteria in human experimental nutrition research, Eur. J. Clin. , 49, 315–322. , 2000, Quantification of bacterial groups within human fecal flora by oligonucleotide probe hybridization, Appl. Environ. , 66, 2263–2266. , 2000, Therapeutic manipulation of the gut microflora, Science, 289, 1311–1312. , 2002, Probiotics and inflammatory bowel disease: from fads and fantasy to facts and future, Br.

However, the data are not consistent and controversial animal studies have been published (McIntosh et al. 1999). It is obvious that the results vary depending on the choice of basal diet for the animals and on the experimental carcinogen used. Other studies indicate that specific strains of probiotic bacteria may be able to down-regulate intestinal microbial enzyme activities (Gill and Rowland 2002; Wollowski et al. 2001). This phenomenon may decrease carcinogen-activating microbial enzymes and have a beneficial effect in the colon, urinary tract and bladder, as shown with the studies on L.

This is often observed. To displace the adhered pathogenic cells from the mucosal surface and to shorten the clinical symptoms, the ratio of the probiotic and the pathogen surrounding the adhesion site needs to be sufficiently high, so that the chance of a probiotic bacterium displacing the dissociated pathogen is high. It was reported that 6 ¥ 109 cfu/g L. 4 Requirements for Nutritional and Clinicala Studies of Functional Foods and Probiotic Foods with Health Claims Well-defined probiotic strains Each strain documented and tested independently Extrapolation of data from closely related strains not acceptable Well-defined study products Well-defined study populations Double-blind, placebo-controlled and randomized human studies Results confirmed by several independent research groupsb Publication in peer-reviewed journals a b Clinical studies should be conducted according to good clinical practice in human subjects.

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