Governing the Tap: Special District Governance and the New by Megan Mullin

By Megan Mullin

Winner, 2010 Lynton Keith Caldwell Award for the easiest ebook in environmental politics and coverage, provided through the technological know-how, expertise, and Environmental coverage part of the yankee Political technological know-how Association.More than ever, americans depend on self sufficient distinctive districts to supply public companies. The distinctive district—which will be as small as a cost-efficient mosquito abatement district or as great because the Port Authority of latest York and New Jersey—has turn into the most typical kind of neighborhood governance within the usa. In Governing the faucet, Megan Mullin examines the implications of specialization and the fragmentation of policymaking authority in the course of the lens of neighborhood drinking-water policy.Directly evaluating particular conservation, land use, and contracting regulations enacted by way of varied different types of neighborhood executive, Mullin investigates the ability of exact districts to have interaction in responsive and collaborative selection making that promotes sustainable use of water assets. She concludes that the influence of specialization is conditional at the constitution of associations and the severity of the coverage challenge, with specialization delivering the main gain on coverage difficulties which are least severe.Mullin provides a political concept of specialised governance that's correct to any of the diversity of capabilities unique districts practice. Governing the faucet deals not just the 1st learn of ways the hot decentralized politics of water is taking form in American groups, but in addition new and critical findings concerning the impact of institutional buildings on neighborhood policymaking.American and Comparative Environmental coverage sequence

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Extra info for Governing the Tap: Special District Governance and the New Local Politics of Water (American and Comparative Environmental Policy)

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Different problems 26 Chapter 2 place different demands on public officials. In order to understand how specialization influences policymaking, we must consider the multiple factors that shape policy outcomes in traditional city and county venues. In this chapter, I present a conditional theory of specialized governance that accounts for the diversity in local policymaking contexts. The theory combines elements from previous models of special district governance and describes the circumstances that influence those models’ explanatory power.

28 This feature allows me to assume that all residents of a given water jurisdiction are affected by the water utility’s policies and thus allows direct comparison across governance types. The analysis is national in scope. Water districts exist in almost every state, but in no state do they have universal control over retail water provision. 5 shows special district spending as a percentage of total local government spending on water supply at the state level. S. Census Bureau 2005c). 6. 29 In some communities, drinking water is part of the package of local services overseen by elected city or county officials, but in other communities residents receive a water bill from a specialized government responsible only for water provision.

In multidimensional elections, however, an individual’s vote does not make a clear statement about policy preferences, especially in local elections, where issues often have little ideological content. A city council member who wins reelection over a wellfunded challenger might not know whether voters expressed approval of her leadership in firing the police chief or of her support for economic development. With low rates of turnout and noisy signals from election results, direct appeals become more important in guiding local politicians’ decisions.

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