Geography Map Africa

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The two have emerged and developed in tandem. War and Diplomacy 21 Diplomacy is among the oldest forms of intervention to limit recourse to war but it has also been its handmaiden. ”4 The diplomat has been the representative of the state and its citizens abroad. During the last century of total war, this relationship has begun to change. As populations have become the main victims of war, with the breakdown of the distinction between civilian and combatant, their stake in diplomatic exchanges at the international level has increased.

A system of communication was necessary because of the potential for conflict. On the one hand, states were all in some respect alienated and separate from one another,22 and had no authority above them to decide in a dispute. On the other hand, they managed to cobble together a set of rules and shared understandings that would underpin their interactions. These rules became institutionalized to an extent that they had not been in earlier times. The monarch did not communicate directly with other foreign states.

Marriage was a central part of diplomacy, which preserved royal rule. At the same time, they challenged one another over the rule of particular territories. Active diplomacy was a way to limit conflicts. War was less over religious issues than the glory of the monarch and the expansion of his or her influence and wealth. Wealth and military power were seen as reinforcing state power. 20 Wealth strengthened naval power, which was necessary to protect trade, which created more wealth. Trading companies were established with official support.

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