From the Web to the Grid and Beyond: Computing Paradigms

Born after international struggle II, large-scale experimental high-energy physics (HEP) has discovered itself restricted ever when you consider that by means of to be had accelerator, detector and computing applied sciences. hence, HEP has made major contributions to the advance of those fields, generally using their thoughts. the discovery of the realm large net at CERN is in simple terms the best-known instance out of many. This booklet is the 1st complete account to track the background of this pioneering spirit within the box of computing applied sciences. It covers every little thing as much as and together with the present-day dealing with of the massive calls for imposed upon grid and disbursed computing via full-scale LHC operations—operations that have for years concerned many hundreds of thousands of taking part contributors around the globe and hence give you the unique and traditional testbed for grid computing thoughts. This publication takes the reader on a guided journey encompassing all correct themes, together with programming languages, software program engineering, huge databases, the net, and grid- and cloud computing. the real factor of highbrow estate laws for allotted software program engineering and computing is additionally addressed. Aptly, the booklet closes with a visionary bankruptcy of what might lie forward. Approachable and requiring in basic terms uncomplicated figuring out of physics and computing device sciences, this booklet is meant for either schooling and learn.

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Extra info for From the Web to the Grid and Beyond: Computing Paradigms Driven by High-Energy Physics (The Frontiers Collection)

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While in HYDRA only one single storage area was possible, with the store description in common blocks, in ZBOOK it was possible to have as many stores as necessary and the book-keeping of each store was part of the store itself. This feature was particularly interesting when multiple dynamic stores had to be created and managed separately by an application. It was, for instance, frequent to have a dynamic store for histograms, another one for the main structures of one physics event and another one to describe the detector geometry.

We all met with Julius Zoll late in the afternoon and came to an agreement to develop in common a new package that we named ZEBRA (combination of ZBOOK and HYDRA). We agreed on most specifications of ZEBRA and the day after we proudly announced our alliance to the great surprise of most of my supporters. Julius and I were immediately called to Ian Butterworth’s office to give more explanations. Julius had made a quick estimate that merging the two systems should not take more than one month. The message from Ian could not have been more clear: “If in 3 months, the ZEBRA system was not functioning, we were both fired from CERN”.

The language seemed to be very attractive, but unfortunately without much attraction from the industry. Other new languages also looked appealing. An example was Eiffel. Some people in the recently created RD41 Moose [6] project had already positively evaluated this object-oriented language with a better support for parametrised types than CCC. However most people in the Moose project were known to be more game players than people to trust to propose a solid solution, and they were pretty slow to come up with valid proposals.

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