From Ethnomycology to Fungal Biotechnology: Exploiting Fungi by Myank U. Charaya, R. S. Mehrotra (auth.), Jagjit Singh, K.

By Myank U. Charaya, R. S. Mehrotra (auth.), Jagjit Singh, K. R. Aneja (eds.)

Fungi playa significant position within the sustainability of the biosphere, and mycorrhizal fungi are crucial for the expansion of lots of our woods and forests. The functions of fungi in agriculture, and biotechnology stay of paramount significance, as does their use as a resource of gear and to assist freshen up the environment. This quantity comprises key papers from the convention 'From Ethnomycology to Fungal Biotechnology: Exploiting Fungi from ordinary assets for Novel Products'. This was once the 1st overseas medical convention masking the move of conventional treatments and techniques in ethnomycology to trendy fungal biotechnology. The convention used to be held at Simla, Himachal Pradesh, India from 15 to sixteen December 1997. the most important topic components addressed within the convention have been the problems of exploring and exploiting fungal variety for novel results in new antibiotics, enzymes, medications and a number different leads for wooden maintenance, organic keep watch over, agricultural biotechnology and the makes use of of fungi within the foodstuff undefined. The convention programme integrated key-note displays through poster classes and common dialogue. The publication is widely dependent, protecting 5 major components: Ethnomycology, Fungal Biotechnology, organic keep watch over, Mycorrhizal Fungi and Fungal Pests. there's no doubt that previously fungi have performed a key position in ethnomycological treatments and that during the long run they'll proceed to draw the curiosity of a variety of disciplines starting from environmental conservation, agriculture and the nutrients to wooden maintenance and aerobiological studies.

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Res. 20: 183-188. H. , 1995, Effects of essential oil from mint (Mentha piperita) on Salmonella enteriditis and Listeria monocytogenes in model food systems at 4°C and 10°C, J. Appl. Bacteriol. 78: 593-600. , Matsuura, H. , 1987, Antifungal activity of ajoene derived from garlic, Appl. Environ. Microb. 53: 615-617. L. , 1979, Effect of some spices on acid production by starter culture, J. Food Protection 42: 572-576. S. S. Atri Botany Department Punjabi University Patiala-147 002 India INTRODUCTION Mushrooms are an important group of neutriceuticals which are used for an immense variety of purposes (Chang and Buswell, 1996).

Merrilli, P. pachyphloes, P. pectinatus, P. robiniae, P. senex, P. sublinteus and two species of Ganoderma (G. applanatum and G. lucidum) are reported to be in extensive use as Phanasomba or Phanas alombe by the Ayurvedic Vedas in the Pune region of India. A paste prepared out of these is applied to gums for stopping excessive salivation and it has been reported to act as a good styptic (Vaidya, 1991). MUSHROOM MEDICINES AND PRESCRIPTION Mushroom bioactive substances are being marketed as medicines by some medical companies, as a consequence of which some mushroom medicines are now available for the treatment of common human ailments.

1968), Nanba (1993) and King (1993). Host-mediated anti-tumour polysaccharides from Ganoderma lucidum, G. tsugae and G. boninense are some of the most important immunopotentiators currently in use for the treatment of cancer in Japan and USA. ) have been reported from the fruit bodies and mycelium of G. lucidum (Subramanian, 1995). The anti-tumour effects of G. lucidum are reported to be mediated by cytokines released from the activated macrophages and T. lymphocytes (Wang et al. 1997). These cytokines are reported to act synergistically on the inhibition of leukaemic cell growth.

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