Evaluation and Decision Models with Multiple Criteria: by Denis Bouyssou, Thierry Marchant, Marc Pirlot, Alexis

By Denis Bouyssou, Thierry Marchant, Marc Pirlot, Alexis Tsoukias, Philippe Vincke

Formal determination and overview types are units of specific and well-defined principles to assemble, investigate, and technique details for you to be capable of make strategies in determination and/or evaluate approaches. they're so frequent that nearly not anyone can fake to not have used or suffered the results of 1 of them.

In our previous significant other quantity, Evaluation and choice Models, we seriously criticised formal versions yet we additionally argued that they can be worthy. nevertheless, Evaluation and determination types with a number of Criteria is a advisor, a fashion of reasoning geared toward aiding the analyst to decide on a version and use it continually. we recommend, usually utilizing an axiomatic standpoint, a valid research of innovations geared toward assisting the choice assisting approach. Our presentation is conducted inside a different framework that may be prolonged to so much selection and evaluate types, as a "decision assisting methodology".

Evaluation and selection versions with a number of Criteria is meant for the acutely aware or enlightened practitioner, for an individual who makes use of choice or overview models---for learn or for applications---and is prepared to question his perform, to have a deeper realizing of what he does.

The authors of this publication are ecu teachers operating in 4 varied universities and learn associations. They train in engineering, arithmetic, desktop technology and psychology faculties. Their heritage is kind of different: arithmetic, economics, engineering, legislation and geology, yet they're all energetic in selection help and extra relatively in a number of standards determination aid. choice modelling, fuzzy common sense, aggregation thoughts, social selection idea, synthetic intelligence, challenge structuring, dimension conception and Operational study are between their exact interests.

The authors are energetic in theoretical learn at the foundations of determination helping, in general from an axiomatic viewpoint. in addition, the entire authors were concerned and stay engaged in quite a lot of purposes from software program overview to situation of a nuclear repository, throughout the rehabilitation of a sewer community or the positioning of high-voltage lines.

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With this term, we will indicate the activities of an individual who develops some information in order t o establish a "decision" t o carry on within a decision process. In such a setting, decision theory is directly used by the decision maker. There is no distinction between an analyst and a client. The decision maker is a t the same time someone looking for support in his decision process and someone endowed with the appropriate knowledge t o give himself this support. If there is an analyst, his presence is justified either because he acts as a tutor or because he is a "clone" of the decision maker (somebody who represents the decision maker, but who shares the same information, knowledge and values).

G. the "most plausible") set of values can be very risky. What the decision maker generally wants is a recommendation that makes sense with all (or almost all) of the plausible sets of data. This is the basis of the concept of robustness. 4 Intended audience Most of us are confronted with formal evaluation and decision models. Very often, we use them without even thinking about it. This book is intended for the aware or enlightened practitioner, for anyone who uses decision or evaluation modelsfor research or for applications-and is willing t o question his practice, t o have a deeper understanding of what he does.

Such norms are postulated as necessary for rational behaviour. De- 0 viations from these norms reflect mistakes or shortcomings of the client who @ should be aided in learning t o decide in a rational way. These models are @ intended to be universal, in that they should apply t o all decision makers who want t o behave rationally. We may consider ethical norms, laws and religious Q norms as analogies (for more detail, the reader is referred to the following classics: Fishburn, 1970, 1982; Luce and Raiffa, 1957; Raiffa, 1970; Savage, 1954; @ von Neumann and Morgenstern, 1947; Wakker, 1989).

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