Evaluating HIV Prevention Interventions by Joanne E. Mantell Ph.D., M.S.P.H., Anthony T. DiVittis M.A.,

By Joanne E. Mantell Ph.D., M.S.P.H., Anthony T. DiVittis M.A., Marilyn I. Auerbach A.M.L.S., Dr. P.H. (auth.)

This trouble-free, entire advisor areas evaluate within the context of HIV to offer all healthiness care execs the mandatory instruments for constructing and enforcing winning HIV interventions. each point of review is mentioned, together with:

  • the social and political context of assessment
  • coding and inter-rater reliability tactics
  • obstacles to assessment and answer
  • the dissemination of effects
  • the applying of concept to HIV interventions.

Case reviews and examples from either the U.S. and overseas to demonstrate functional matters, and diverse tables and figures supplement the text.

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Additional info for Evaluating HIV Prevention Interventions

Example text

Activism Homosexual behavior is unlawful in Chile. However, gay groups were instrumental in developing AIDS awareness and programming, and more recently they became politically active and confrontational in advocating for gay rights. This agenda has often been in opposition to ACAN's educational emphasis on the topics of homosexuality and AIDS. ACAN is in a continuing dialogue with the gay community to address sexual rights in the broader context of human rights. Community-based organizations are not autonomous; the government funds many of their current programs.

Process Measures for an AIDS Education Program in Gay Barsa Were all the intervention deadlines met? Were the numbers of targeted people reached? How were group facilitators selected? How was the sample of participants selected? Were the facilitators on time? Were the facilitators skilled in leading the group discussions? Did the intervention outline represent a reasonable match to the participants encountered? Is the program replicable in its current format? How many staff and volunteers were required to conduct this program?

Sexual and drug-related behaviors are the most salient in HIV/ AIDS programs, but assessment of changes in these behaviors is difficult. What are the most relevant outcomes to gauge program impact? , sterilizing used "works" with a bleach solution or alcohol before injecting drugs, reduction in average number of injections weekly, and cessation of injecting drugs (Des larlais & Friedman, 1988). Sexual risk reduction is also multidimensional. There is controversy as to whether consistent condom use, lifetime monogamy, reduction in number of sexual partners, reduction in the number of STD episodes, or, for some, abstinence are the appropriate behavioral endpoints.

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