European Identity: What the Media Say by Paul Bayley, Geoffrey Williams

By Paul Bayley, Geoffrey Williams

European Identity examines how Europe is represented linguistically within the information media of 4 ecu international locations, France, Italy, Poland, and the united kingdom, by utilizing an digital corpus outfitted from newspapers and tv information transcripts. This multilingual similar corpus, consists of the whole contents of 4 newspapers released in every one nation, accumulated over classes of 3 months, and the transcriptions of 2 television information announces, accrued over classes of 2 months. The theoretical and methodological frameworks followed contain discourse research, corpus linguistics and corpus-assisted discourse research. the person chapters examine numerous elements of ecu identification because it is discursively construed within the information media of the several international locations, reminiscent of Europe as a political and geographic entity, ecu Union associations, ecu heritage, citizenship, and immigration. in keeping with a bottom-up orientation and utilizing either quantitative and qualitative equipment, all chapters yet one use a comparative method of the knowledge, juxtaposing the journalist representations of Europe in or extra languages. the elemental goal of the quantity is to illustrate how linguistic research, and specifically the research of enormous quantities of linguistic info, could make an essential contribution to the research of political and social matters

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Of the 70 processes, 54 (77 per cent) show the Parliament as agent. 5 per cent of the sample. 7 per cent). This distribution is roughly in line with that observed from the Commission. Again, the most prominent role involves the Parliament as agent in mental processes. In many cases the processes are consonant with the activity of a legislative body, such as choisir (‘select’/‘choose’), décider (‘decide’), décréter (‘decree’), exprimer (‘express’), approve, decide, give opinion, propose. In contrast with the Commission, there is little in the way of processes of communication, which suggests a lack of direct contact between the Parliament and Member States or commercial and industrial parties.

Many occurrences of reference to the three institutions have other grammatical functions, such as a post-modifying or pre-modifying element in nominal expressions, as in (6), or as a circumstantial element, as in (7). (6) Elections to the European parliament come round again in 2009. (Guardian, 5 April 2007) (7) . . et qu’elle devrait, selon la Commission européenne, se maintenir à ce niveau en 2007. (Libération, 8 March 2007) . . and that it should, according to the European Commission, hold itself at this level in 2007.

There are few examples of other agents interacting with the Parliament, although accuser (‘accuse’) and petition (‘petition’) are found. 7 The Council With an even smaller sample than the Parliament—a total of 35 process tokens—general tendencies for the Council are again difficult to discern. There is still, however, a predominance of processes in which the Council is agent: namely, 24 out of 35 (69 per cent). The majority of these are action and mental processes. There are also few processes that occur more than twice.

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