Erkenntnistheoretische Grundlagenprobleme der by Norbert Bischof

By Norbert Bischof

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". .. the writer takes at the tremendous bold problem of defining psychology, articulating conceptually its relatives with different sciences, opting for its key theoretical ideas, and resolving its quite a few schisms (research/practice, neuroscience/social technological know-how, animal/human, bewildering array of doubtless nonoverlapping theories and therapies). .. He has an excellent skill to explain, study, and summarize in a couple of pages titanic and intricate components of analysis (attributions, cognitive dissonance, behavioral types of melancholy. .. .. .. ) with out getting slowed down in examine information. .. I particularly loved the extra own information and anecdotes the e-book layout gave him the gap to incorporate -- e. g. , improvement of the "Justification Hypothesis" because the "joint point" among brain and tradition takes to the air from his reflections on why he used to be overdue getting domestic for dinner one evening in grad university. and a few of his reviews on psychotherapy integration take as aspect of departure special research of what he saw as undertaking director for a medical trial of cognitive treatment in prevention of recurrent suicide makes an attempt that by no means made the ultimate released record of the learn. .. All instructed, it's now not mild studying, but when you take pleasure in pondering colossal photograph subject matters you will discover loads of meals for suggestion right here. " (Dave Haaga, American college, September 2011)

"Like sociology and anthropology, psychology is outlined through incompatible competing faculties of inspiration. and can't be thought of a mature technological know-how, simply because there isn't any experience within which every one iteration of researchers builds upon the middle analytical insights of past generations of researchers… This booklet is written for scientific and study psychologists, and for that reason avoids one of these mathematical version development and axiomatization that's attribute of mature sciences… Henriques notes that it truly is nearly very unlikely to outline modern psychology simply because many psychologists examine psychology to be a conception of the workings of the brain, whereas others deny the idea of "mind" altogether, and restrict themselves to modeling saw habit. for that reason, Henriques takes his first objective to be that of "locating" the sphere ontologically. He argues that there's a Tree of information with 4 segments. the 1st is "Matter," that's studied by means of physics, chemistry, geology, and astronomy. the second one is "Life," studied via biology. The 3rd is "Mind," that is the subject material of psychology, and the fourth, and optimum, is "Culture," studied via the social sciences. Henriques will pay specified realization to the 3 issues of junction among segments of the Tree of data. He says the Matter-Life junction is modeled by means of organic evolutionary thought, the Life-Mind junction is modeled through what he calls Behavioral funding thought, and the Mind-Culture junction is modeled by means of what he calls Justification thought. through Behavioral funding idea, Henriques capacity basically the rational selection version of selection, organic and financial thought, even though he provides a size of complexity to human habit by way of asserting that Justification thought calls for a "rational emotional actor" that isn't correctly modeled in commonplace rational selection concept (p. , 46). i'd upload that Henriques additionally contains online game conception as a part of Behavioral funding conception, just because decision-making whilst there are a number of brokers concerned calls for game-theoretic reasoning. This viewpoint is uncomplicated to monetary concept. In biology, the extension of selection conception (e. g. , foraging conception) to video game concept was once pioneered via John Maynard Smith, Evolution and the idea of video games (Cambridge college Press, 1982), and now's regular in all of animal habit thought. In Henriques' leading edge terminology, social interactions are ruled through an "Influence Matrix," that's a part of the psychology of the person that regulates how the person pertains to others. Henriques stresses the emotional aspect of such interplay and avoids all video game theoretic reasoning in addition to any research of the function of incentives and payoffs within the selection of behaviors ruled by way of the impression Matrix… i think Henriques' espousal of Behavioral funding concept is crucial integrating idea during this booklet. If this precept on my own have been integrated uniformly all through study psychology, it should offer a lot of the sought-for analytical core…A New Unified thought of Psychology is terrifically not easy, to the purpose of might be being a brand new starting for psychology as a study self-discipline. ” (Herb Gintis, Santa Fe Institute and principal ecu college, September 2011)

“Offers a collection of nested frameworks that places diversified elements of mental study and perform right into a coherent dating with one another. … it's also necessary that the ebook has very good transitions, with summaries usually reminding the readers the place they've been and looking forward to the place they're going. … If i may educate a graduate-level creation to Psychology, this could be the booklet. If i may suggest one publication to colleagues distraught on the fragmented nature of the sector, this is able to be the publication. ” (Eric P. Charles, PsycCRITIQUES, Vol. fifty seven (26), July, 2012)

From the again Cover
Summary

Following the dying of the so-called grand theories provided by means of luminaries like Sigmund Freud, B. F. Skinner, and Carl Rogers, the sector of psychology mostly gave up its early aspirations to color a huge photo of the human , and now the self-discipline focuses totally on empirical difficulties that experience a comparatively slim scope. The outcome has been a proliferation of attention-grabbing findings with out actual ability to reply to sizeable questions or to generate a shared common knowing of the human . This publication seeks to alter the established order and provides up a brand new unified idea of psychology that redefines the technology and the career and paints a brand new photograph of human nature within the method.

Praise for
A New Unified concept of Psychology

“The box of psychology is understood for its paradoxical mix of sweeping scope and bold micro-theories, at the one hand, and fragmentation and internecine squabbling, at the different. To this situation, any severe attempt to supply integration and solidarity inside of mental wisdom and figuring out is heartily welcomed. And Henriques' attempt during this regard is not just severe, yet probably the most cogent, scholarly, refined, fantastically reasoned, truly articulated, and accessibly written shows of a unified thought in psychology that i've got visible in my 50 years within the self-discipline. ”

Daniel B. Fishman, writer of The Case for Pragmatic Psychology,
Professor, Rutgers collage

“As the sphere of psychology has grown, so have the demanding situations of fragmentation and of misunderstandings. This courageous publication represents a noble quest to supply a vast, values-based, and clinical framework which holds the facility to arrange our paintings and flow us ahead in robust, new methods. ”

Lawrence G. Calhoun, writer of Facilitating Post-Traumatic Growth,
Professor, collage of North Carolina-Charlotte

“In this very bold e-book, Henriques makes a robust case for why daring efforts are wanted within the fragmented realm of mental learn and idea. even if diversified readers will most probably make various judgments approximately how good Henriques has succeeded in his goals, it however is an act of highbrow bold which could maybe encourage psychologists to appear outdoor the slim confines of a unmarried laboratory paradigm and open their considering to tips to deal with the entire diversity of human habit and adventure. ”

Paul L. Wachtel, writer of healing Communication,
Distinguished Professor, CUNY

“Concise, erudite, and useful, this e-book is a manifesto that demanding situations psychology to maneuver prior fragmented domain names of information to a consilient framework, in order to let multi-disciplinary discourse and clinical advances. I recommend all scientists, psychotherapists, and students spend your time familiarizing themselves with the suggestions and proposals offered during this seminal quantity via a number one pupil. ”

Jeffrey Magnavita, writer of character Guided Relational Psychotherapy,

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Additional info for Erkenntnistheoretische Grundlagenprobleme der Wahrnehmungspsychologie

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Die Interpretation des Müller-Phänomens bei Werner u. Wapner (1949, vgl. u. S. 480), welche ganz offensichtlich erklären soll, wieso bei seitlidier Kopflage die anschauliche von der objektiven Vertikalen abweicht (und nicht, wieso sie immer noch recht befriedigend mit ihr übereinstimmt). — Ferner wäre in diesem Zusammenhang etwa die Analyse geometrischoptischer Täuschungen bei Kleining (1953) zu nennen, in welcher so verschiedenartige Erscheinungen wie etwa die Müller-Lyersehe und die Kundtsche Täuschung aus einem und demselben formalen Prinzip, nämlich einer hypothetischen Tendenz aller figuralen Gebilde, sich um ihren „Kern" zusammenzuziehen, erklärt werden.

Beispiele wären etwa die „sensutonische Energie" in der Theorie Werners (s. u. S. ) und die „unscheinbaren Bezugssysteme" der Gestalttheorie (s. u. S. ). 21 3. Konstrukta dieser Art weisen nun aber ihrerseits letztlich über den phänomenalen Bereich hinaus in die Dynamik des zentralnervösen Geschehens und fordern dazu auf, das System der psychologischen Aussagen insgesamt durch physiologische Interpretation dem umfassenden System der Naturgesetzlichkeit einzuordnen, womit die „reine Wahrnehmungspsychologie" dann schließlich in die innere Psychophysik einmündet.

Tatsächlich kann die Erscheinungsweise individueller Lebenswelten ja auch durchaus von psychologischem (z. B. ) Interesse sein. U n d wenn Uexküll (1920, S. 241) von einer Art „Edelfäule" spricht, die „seit Darwin" die „Merkwelten" der modernen Menschen „ergriffen und alles i n ihnen der Zersetzung preisgegeben" habe, so daß „Tiere und Pflanzen, . . ja der eigene Körper des Subjekts" nur noch „planlose Atomhäufungen" bilden, so ist das durchaus als phänomenologische Beschreibung gemeint und als solche (abgesehen von ihrer Übertriebenheit) audi ohne Zweifel legitim.

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