"Environmental Psychology: An Introduction" bargains a research-based creation to the mental dating among people and their equipped and usual environments and discusses how sustainable environments could be created to the good thing about either humans and nature Explores the environment's results on human well being and behavior, components influencing environmental behaviour and methods of encouraging pro-environmental motion offers a cutting-edge evaluation of contemporary advancements in environmental psychology, with an emphasis on sustainability as a unifying precept for conception, study and interventions whereas focusing totally on Europe and North the United States, additionally discusses environmental psychology in non-Western and constructing nations Responds to a turning out to be curiosity within the contribution of environmental psychologists to knowing and fixing environmental difficulties and selling the consequences of environmental stipulations on future health.
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From the again Cover
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Extra resources for Environmental Psychology: An Introduction
Strikingly, this effect was moderated by political affiliation. In particular, when framed as a tax, the preference for the green option declined from Democrats to Independents and to Repub licans, seemingly reflecting Republicans’ dislike of taxes. Environmental risk perception Framing works by changing one’s reference point of what would be a neutral outcome: no loss (when the outcome is expressed as a loss) versus no gain (when expressed as a gain). One common explanation for framing effects, called loss aversion, is that a loss is subjectively experienced as more devastating than the equivalent gain is gratifying (Tversky & Kahneman, 1981).
For example, Tversky and Kahneman (1974) demonstrated that when asked to guess the percentage of African countries in the United 17 18 ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY: AN INTRODUCTION Nations (UN), people’s estimates were heavily influenced by an arbitrary number that showed up on a wheel of fortune in the participant’s presence. The average estimate almost doubled from 25 to 45 per cent when the wheel showed a 65 rather than a 10. Van der Pligt, Van Schie and Hoevenagel (1998) found effects of both availability and anchoring-and-adjustment on environmental risk judgements.
It was assessed separately whether participants were treating nature, human or animal lives as protected values or not, and whether they were prone to either a deonto logical or a consequentialist focus. The results revealed that protected values were strongly associated with deontological orientations, and with a stronger preference for acts than omis sions. Most interestingly, participants endorsing protected values and deontological orientations were also immune to framing effects. This was the case, because they were seemingly more focused on their duties for environmental acts, and therefore preferring acts over omissions, than on the description of the outcomes.