El nacimiento de la política by M. I. Finley

By M. I. Finley

En este libro, traducido a doce idiomas y convertido rápidamente en un clásico, el profesor Moses Finley, reconocido mundialmente como uno de los grandes renovadores de l. a. historia antigua, estudia las formas de gobierno de las ciudades-estado de Grecia y de l. a. Roma republicana, sociedades ambas que, con diferentes instituciones y distinta historia, tenían sin embargo en común una base económica agraria, un sistema social jerarquizado y l. a. admisión de las clases inferiores en el marco institucional. El profesor Finley hace aquí un análisis magistral de l. a. lucha por el poder en el seno de esas sociedades, del papel desempeñado en esa lucha por guerras y conquistas, del sutil juego de las ideologías, de los angeles frágil estabilidad de las alianzas: en una palabra, de l. a. «invención» de l. a. política.

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Despite the flaws in both these formulations, the accounts of Jameson and Shklar nevertheless show us a route to explore America Exceptionalism. For both writers illustrate a pattern common to all Contemporary Critiques 41  American texts. That is, they both involve a strategy that acknowledges and secludes America in terms of newness. The Shklar/Jameson strategy is to attempt to capture America as sign—late capital/democracy—and attach newness to the sign rather than to America itself.

He also grasped the nature of the institutional limitations on leadership advanced by Madison. But Lincoln radically transformed all these visions of political science. While he claimed “all power to Jefferson” and paid extravagant obeisance to the founders, Henry Clay was Lincoln’s exemplar. Yet his vision was quite different from the Whig program for an American system of roads, canals, and tariffs because Lincoln gave the national idea a religious reconceptualization. America as a nation was engaged in a unique experiment not only in substance (it was a nation dedicated to the proposition that all men were created equal) but in plan (it was a nation dedicated to the proposition that all men were created equal).

William Peden (New York: Norton, 1972), 139. 45 Federalist Papers, 101. , Morton J. Frisch (Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute, 1985), 290–91. 47 Shklar, “Redeeming American Political Theory,” 9. ” See Daniel Walker Howe, The Political Culture of the American Whigs (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979) who discusses the Whig agenda in redemptive terms and emphasizes the “modernist” aspects of their project. 49 Shklar, “Redeeming American Political Theory,” 10. 50 Daniel Webster, “Speeches in the Senate of the United States on the Resolution of Mr.

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