By Charlotte Lauer
This e-book bargains a finished empirical research of academic inequalities and their outcomes on person hard work marketplace results for women and men in France and Germany, international locations with diverse schooling platforms. utilizing microdata from the 2 international locations, the analyses customarily depend on econometric tools. After an in depth comparability of the French and German schooling platforms, the social determinants of faculty and post-school attainment are analyzed. Then, the level to which schooling reduces the unemployment threat is tested, distinguishing among danger of getting into unemployment, unemployment period and recurrence of unemployment episodes. eventually, facts is given at the effect of schooling on person profits clients.
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Extra resources for Education and Labour Market Outcomes: A French-German Comparison (ZEW Economic Studies)
Moreover, the data distinguishes between the highest degree obtained and the highest level of education attended regardless of whether the degree has finally been obtained or not. Since only the highest degree obtained is available for Germany, the information on the highest level of education attended without obtaining a degree should not be used for comparisons with Germany. Therefore, in the following, the notion of educational attainment or level of education will refer to the highest degree obtained.
Bac+4). e. e. Bac+4 level, and degrees from the university teacher training institutes (Institut Universitaire de Formation des Maitres, IUFM), which admit students who have completed 3 years of post-secondary education (licence or Bac+3 level) and lasts 2 years. In addition to nationally recognised degrees, universities may offer certificates on their own authority. The third cycle offers successful graduates of the second cycle highly specialised education: a professional specialisation of one year with a compulsory period of in-company training, leading to a certificate of advanced specialised studies (Diplome d'Etudes Superieures Specialisees, DESS, Bac+5 level) or a training in research leading at the end of the first year to an advanced research studies certificate (Diplome d'Etudes Approfondies, DEA, Bac+5 level) and then to the preparation over 3 or 4 years of a doctorate (Doctorat, Bac+8 level).
Coexist and offer a wide range of study programmes with different purposes and approaches, some of them being more academic, other having a more practical focus. Moreover, the vertical stratification is also much more pronounced in France than in Germany. g. g. g. g. DESS), Bac+8 (doctorate). ) and, on the other hand, elite institutions, the so-called, Grandes Ecoles, which have no equivalent in Germany. The Grandes Ecoles are designed to form an elite destinated to occupy highly skilled positions in politics, sciences, business and engineering.