Economics and History: Surveys in Cliometrics by David Greasley, Les Oxley

By David Greasley, Les Oxley

Economics and background offers six state of the art surveys from a number of the prime students in cliometrics. The contributions are all written at an available point for the non-specialist reader and look at a wide diversity of matters from this hugely topical quarter. Written essentially and comprehensively, permitting easy access for the non-specialist readerBrings jointly the very most up-to-date study during this hugely topical topic from top scholarsContributions disguise a wide variety of components inside of this subjectThe newest e-book within the hugely profitable Surveys of contemporary study in Economics publication sequence

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Sample text

Finding sources and assembling data from diverse historical records will remain the greatest challenge. 2 Weight and Mortality The recognition that individuals at the extremes of the body mass distribution have a higher risk of mortality has been widely accepted in medical research and practice throughout the twentieth century. Moreover, it is established that the mortality risk of excess weight is specific to circulatory diseases, some cancers and diabetes. What is less clear is when in the life course excess weight is a particular risk.

Technological change in health care has changed the mortality risk of different morbidities over time, and the population prevalence of different morbidities has also changed. The changing mortality risk of BMI can be seen as the product of changes in these two terms. First there is the risk of contracting specific morbidities conditional on BMI, and second a risk of dying due to that morbidity in a given time period. , 2005). , 2006). Modern health research in developed countries on the relationship between weight and morbidity focuses nearly entirely on the relationship between excess weight and morbidity.

From the first article measuring the BMI-mortality relationship in an historical population, researchers have aimed to make comparisons with the contemporary literature (Costa, 1993). Comparisons with Waaler’s pioneering 1984 study of Norwegian men have been particularly important in the historical literature (Waaler, 1984). , 2003). Using an early version of the Union Army data set Costa was able to study the relationship between BMI and mortality for 377 men who were weighed between the ages of 45 and 49 as part of pension exams (Costa, 1993).

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