Doing Optimality Theory: Applying Theory to Data by John J. McCarthy

By John J. McCarthy

Content material:
Chapter 1 An creation to Optimality conception (pages 1–29):
Chapter 2 how one can build an research (pages 30–136):
Chapter three the way to Write Up an research (pages 137–165):
Chapter four constructing New Constraints (pages 166–234):
Chapter five Language Typology and Universals (pages 235–259):
Chapter 6 a few present learn Questions (pages 260–278):

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Additional resources for Doing Optimality Theory: Applying Theory to Data

Sample text

These precedence relationships are important in situations of constraint conflict, where two constraints make competing demands on the output of the grammar. All inferences about constraint ranking are ultimately based on conflicts between pairs of constraints. There are three indispensable elements to any valid ranking argument: (i) A conflict For two constraints to be directly rankable, they must conflict; that is, they must disagree in their assessment of a pair of competing output candidates derived from the same input.

If all we had were tableau (8), then we would be stuck with a disjunctive statement about ranking: *Cunsyll or *lk dominates Dep.

There is only one systematic difference between this standard theory and what Prince and Smolensky say: how faithfulness is implemented. The standard theory formulates faithfulness constraints like Max and Dep using correspondence theory (McCarthy and Prince 1995, 1999). These constraints have replaced Prince and Smolensky’s original faithfulness constraints Parse and Fill, which were formulated somewhat differently. 3, OT itself does not say anything specific about the constraints in Con, particularly the markedness constraints.

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