By Etsuko Hae-Jin Kang
Through the premodern interval, Japan had major political, financial and cultural kinfolk with Korea. This ebook purports that this era, from the 15th to the eighteenth century, was once the formative level of the East Asian international relations and beliefs which laid the rules for international relatives among those international locations within the smooth interval. The booklet additionally investigates how Japan's and Korea's political and diplomatic ideologies emerged as a nascent type of nationalism which students haven't formerly clarified.
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Extra resources for Diplomacy and Ideology in Japanese-Korean Relations: From the Fifteenth to the Eighteenth Century
Certainly, ka-i (so-hwa/hwa-i) thought can be categorised into this type. The other is a "chosen people" (senmin) type where a country considers its own people as unique and superior to others as seen in Japan's shinkoku thought. He stresses that the characteristics of these two types are quite different and observes that in Japan these two types of ethnocentrism had coexisted. For example, the "civilisation" type was used to refer to the races which had large cultural differences such as Ainu.
8 Murai Shosuke has demonstrated that there was a strong trading route linking Ryukyu, Satsuma, Hakata, Tsushima and Korea during the premodern period. In these regions, not only Japanese traders, but also Chinese smugglers, Ryukyuans, Southeast Asians and Arabian merchants were engaged in competitive trading. 9 Much merchandise for Japanese traders in Korea was obtained in Ryukyu and at the same time wakb captives were important in trading goods to Japanese merchants. 10 As well as the works of Takahashi and Murai, the contribution made by several scholars has stimulated an awareness of Japan's premodern relations with Korea.
70 Japanese rulers regarded the Mongols' attempted invasions in the thirteenth century as the most fearful threat to their sovereignty in the past, and knew that Ming China would not invade its tributary states. Yoshimitsu's acceptance of the title "Nihon koku 0" from the Ming marked the beginning of the buke gaikb (the diplomacy controlled by the warrior class): this title acknowledged shogunal legitimacy in foreign policy. Prior 34 Diplomacy and Ideology in Japanese-Korean Relations to his investiture, the court nobility had predominated in the diplomatic realm with the emperor as the head of state.