Developmental Psychopathology, Risk, Disorder, and by Dante Cicchetti, Donald J. Cohen

By Dante Cicchetti, Donald J. Cohen

Developmental Psychopathology, quantity three, chance, illness, and model presents a existence span developmental point of view on "high-risk" stipulations and psychological issues. furthermore, it examines developmental pathways to resilient variation within the face of adversity.

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The important challenge is to understand the extent to which the lack of social support is crucial, independent of other risk factors, in contributing to risk for developmental psychopathology, and why. The complexity of developmental processes, the diverse etiological contributions to clinical symptomatology, and the methodological challenges of research in developmental psychopathology together make it difficult to construct causal models linking social support to either healthy or unhealthy functioning.

In Polansky’s view, the social isolation of these mothers derives from their inability to develop and maintain supportive social ties owing to character disorders, deficient social skills, and difficulties in coping adaptively with life stress. In a sense, their neglect of offspring is part of a general syndrome associated with their broader neglect of social connections. By contrast, Garbarino has described a different kind of “social impoverishment ” of families in neighborhoods that experience heightened rates of child maltreatment (Garbarino & Kostelny, 1992).

The enhancement of social support (especially the dimensions of support most relevant to a child’s problems) is also associated with the remediation of symptomatology. Each of these processes underscores the stresspreventive and stress-buffering influences of natural sources of social support in everyday life. The association between social support, stress, and psychological well-being is complicated, however, because enhanced stress can sometimes provoke the deterioration of social support for troubled individuals.

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