Czechoslovakia between Stalin and Hitler: The Diplomacy of by Igor Lukes

By Igor Lukes

The Munich difficulty of 1938, within which nice Britain and France determined to assuage Hitler's calls for to annex the Sudentenland, has provoked an enormous volume of ancient writing. yet historians have had, earlier, just a imprecise realizing of the jobs performed by way of the Soviet Union and through Czechoslovakia, the rustic whose very life used to be on the heart of the crisis.

In Czechoslovakia among Stalin and Hitler, Igor Lukes explores this turbulent and tragic period from the recent standpoint of the Prague executive itself. on the middle of this research is Edvard Benes, a Czechoslovak overseas coverage strategist and an immense participant within the political machinations of the period. The paintings analyzes the Prague Government's makes an attempt to safe the life of the Republic of Czechoslovakia within the treacherous area among the millstones of the East and West. It reports Benes's courting with Joseph Stalin, outlines the position assigned to Czechoslovak communists by means of the VIIth Congress of the Communist overseas in 1935, and dissects Prague's mystery negotiations with Berlin and Benes's position within the well-known Tukhachevsky affair. utilizing mystery documents in either Prague and Russia, this paintings is a correct and unique rendition of the occasions that sparked the second one international warfare.

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Additional info for Czechoslovakia between Stalin and Hitler: The Diplomacy of Edvard Benes in the 1930s

Sample text

Hillerson was later able to report that antiintervention sentiments had prevailed also in France. He wrote that, according to his source in Paris, French military circles had given up on the idea of direct armed intervention against the Lenin government. This news must have been welcomed in the Kremlin. , 5 January 1921. 41. , 65/21 Rus and 66/21 Rus. " 42. , 98/21 Rus. 43. , 12 c/20 Rus. Hillerson claimed that he had at his disposal five hundred cossacks and weapons; now he needed 200,000 Czechoslovak crowns (Kc).

112 Under such circumstances, there was reason for prudence and caution before full recognition was offered. From Diplomacy to Confrontation It was clear by the end of 1924 that, for the time being, de jure recognition was not obtainable from the Masaryk government. The atmosphere between Moscow and Prague quickly started to thicken as the Soviets initiated hostile actions to escalate the crisis. As a result, from 1924 to 1933 Czechoslovak-Soviet relations were covered by a layer of ice. Some episodes from the period seem so violent and unbefitting to the world of diplomacy that only the original signatures on the official stationery, now deposited in the Prague archives, prompt the contemporary reader to trust the dry language of diplomatic communications.

Frantisek Soukup, 28. fijen 1918: Pfedpoklady a vyvoj naseho odboje domácího v ceskoslovenské revolad za státní samostatnost národa (Prague: Ustrední Dëlnické Knihkupectví a Nakladatelství Antonín Zasvëceny a Orbis, 1928), 2: 1006. 4. d. [perhaps 1935]), 136. 5. The Beau-Rivage Hotel in Geneva was associated in the minds of Central Europeans with the stabbing of Elisabeth of Austria in 1898. 6. Benes liked to say that he had to crawl ' 'through the thickets" to avoid getting caught by the Austrian and Bavarian border police on his way to exile in 1915; see Edward B.

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