By Ruben Zaiotti
In recent times, a couple of eu international locations abolished nationwide border controls in desire of Europe’s exterior frontiers. In doing so, they challenged fashioned conceptions of sovereignty, territoriality, and protection in international affairs. Setting forth a brand new analytic framework expert by way of constructivism and pragmatism, Ruben Zaiotti strains the transformation of underlying assumptions and cultural practices guiding ecu policymakers and postnational Europe, laying off mild on present traits characterizing its politics and kinfolk with others. The booklet additionally incorporates a interesting comparability to advancements in North the USA, the place the U.S. has pursued extra restrictive border regulate ideas given that 9-11. As a huge survey of the origins, evolution, and implications of this amazing improvement in ecu integration, Cultures of Border keep watch over could be of curiosity to scholars and students of diplomacy and political geography.
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Extra info for Cultures of Border Control: Schengen and the Evolution of European Frontiers
It is therefore plausible to think about a culture as “evolving” over time. In theoretical terms, the use of culture in an evolutionary framework highlights the fact that, in a social context, change is not just the result of the sum of the new traits acquired by individuals, but instead is a collective phenomenon involving an entire community. Applying the concept of culture in evolutionary accounts also opens up the possibility to include in the analysis the practical dimension of change. As we have seen, practices are an integral part of culture’s conceptual field, and in this capacity they can play an important role in explaining the mechanism of evolutionary change.
The first one, “pursuit,” accounts for why a new approach to border control is initially pursued despite the fact that it clashes with the culture in which, up to that point, a relevant policy community is embedded. , collectively adopt its underlying assumptions and practices). Such consensus is in fact the necessary condition for the acceptance of an alternative system of border governance. Selection Mechanism 1: “Pursuit” In his analysis of the logic of scientific practice, the pragmatist philosopher of science Larry Laudan argues that the adoption by a community of practitioners of a new approach to solve a pressing and yet unsolved problem whose premises lie outside the parameters of an established culture (“research tradition” in his terminology) involves a sort of worldview shift within that community (Laudan 1977).
This contestation, however, is minimal, and challengers can be contained. ), and these conditions do not necessarily imply a culture’s loss of status as an autonomous entity. Accounting for Schengen / 25 of a group of “real” individuals who support its assumptions and enact them in concrete circumstances. ” The reference to “community” is not casual. The degree of awareness of the existence of a common identity varies, depending on the strength of the culture in which the community is inserted and the stage of its evolution (emerging cultures tend to be looser than more mature ones; on this point, see below).