Crude Interventions: The United States, Oil and the New by Garry Leech

By Garry Leech

Initially of the twenty first century, a brand new global affliction is rising during which battles over assets are taking part in an more and more fashionable function. the significance of oil to this photo is underscored by way of the unilateral and militaristic overseas coverage of the world's biggest strength in its try to safe entry to this severe source. during this worldwide context, oil-rich groups of the South are being drawn into struggles to safeguard their sovereignty, cultural integrity, human rights and threatened ecosystems.

Crude Interventions examines the army and financial guidelines of the Bush management in oil-rich areas of the area. extra accurately, it examines the socio-economic and human rights results of those regulations, in addition to these of modern US administrations and multinational strength businesses, for the peoples of oil generating international locations within the worldwide South. With in basic terms 4 percentage of the world's inhabitants, the us consumes 25 in line with cent of world strength creation. This thirst for power has performed an important function in making a choice on US international coverage in contemporary a long time. the need to safe entry to trustworthy provides of oil has performed a fair extra renowned position in opting for the international coverage of the govt. of George W. Bush than earlier administrations.

By targeting the USA position in Iraq, primary Asia, West Africa, Colombia and Venezuela, Crude Interventions makes obvious the connections among US power pursuits, the conflict on terror, globalization, human rights abuses and different social injustices persevered by way of these peoples of the South cursed with an abundance of the world's such a lot wanted source.

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Muslim schools were opened throughout the region with funding from organizations in Iran, Saudi Arabia and Turkey. The United States also played a leading role in the political and economic transition that took place in Central Asia and the South Caucasus during the 1990s. It wasn’t until after 9/11, however, that the United States established a significant military presence in a region historically beyond its sphere of influence. Not only did the Bush administration deploy troops to Afghanistan in its war on terror, it also set up bases in Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Georgia.

The Shiites had responded to a call by President Bush for the Iraqi people to rise up against Hussein, but the US support they had anticipated never materialized. Apparently, the Bush administration had second thoughts about the chaos and possible disintegration of Iraq that might result from Hussein’s overthrow. Instead, US officials believed that, for the time being, a contained Hussein was better than the possible establishment of a Shiite regime similar to the one in neighbouring Iran. At the same time, the Kurds also believed that the United States would come to their aid if they heeded Bush’s call to revolt.

Unofficially, the United States and Britain were also hoping that the sanctions would eventually lead to Hussein’s downfall. Over the next few years it became apparent that the harsh sanctions were not weakening Hussein’s grip on power. They were, however, causing massive depredations of food, water and medicines for the Iraqi people. The sanctions restricted the importation of many items that were needed to produce food and medicines as well as to repair electricity power stations, hospital machinery and water and sewage treatment plants, many of which had been damaged by US bombing during Operation Desert Storm.

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