Creations Of The Mind by Eric Margolis, Stephen Laurence

By Eric Margolis, Stephen Laurence

Creations of the brain provides 16 unique essays via theorists from a large choice of disciplines who've a shared curiosity within the nature of artifacts and their implications for the human brain. the entire papers are written especially for this quantity, they usually hide a large variety of issues serious about the metaphysics of artifacts, our ideas of artifacts and the kinds that they signify, the emergence of an figuring out of artifacts in babies' cognitive improvement, in addition to the evolution of artifacts and using instruments by means of non-human animals. This quantity may be a desirable source for philosophers, cognitive scientists, and psychologists, and the place to begin for destiny examine within the research of artifacts and their function in human figuring out, improvement, and behavior.
Contributors: John R. Searle, Richard E. Grandy, Crawford L. Elder, Amie L. Thomasson, Jerrold Levinson, Barbara C. Malt, Steven A. Sloman, Dan Sperber, Hilary Kornblith, Paul Bloom, Bradford Z. Mahon, Alfonso Caramazza, Jean M. Mandler, Deborah Kelemen, Susan Carey, Frank C. Keil, Marissa L. Greif, Rebekkah S. Kerner, James L. Gould, Marc D. Hauser, Laurie R. Santos, and Steven Mithen.

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If natural scientists are to be taken at their word, all the familiar objects of everyday life are scattered’ (Cartwright 1975, 174). An important consequence (of assuming something approximating atomic theory is correct) is that ‘ordinary things that are large enough to be seen with the naked eye are what philosophers call scattered (or discontinuous) objects’ (Jubien 1997, 155). There are two ways of responding to these claims. First, there is the somewhat ad hominem tack that if we take quantum theory seriously then it is not at all clear that Jubien is entitled to talk of ‘things’ at the atomic or subatomic level.

An important consequence (of assuming something approximating atomic theory is correct) is that ‘ordinary things that are large enough to be seen with the naked eye are what philosophers call scattered (or discontinuous) objects’ (Jubien 1997, 155). There are two ways of responding to these claims. First, there is the somewhat ad hominem tack that if we take quantum theory seriously then it is not at all clear that Jubien is entitled to talk of ‘things’ at the atomic or subatomic level. Early versions of atomic theory conceived of atoms and electrons as miniature versions of macroscopic objects, but quantum theory presents a very different picture.

But this traditional conception provides no reason for supposing that every natural kind will be characterized by some one property that is distinctive of it alone—some one property never found in members of any other kind. So far as the traditional conception goes, a natural kind might be characterized by some distinctive combination of properties which individually are undistinctive, even ‘run of the mill’. There need be no one property responsible, by virtue of the laws of nature, for the presence of 38 Crawford L.

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