By Nau, Henry R.; Jefferson, Thomas; Truman, Harry S.; Reagan, Ronald; Polk, James Knox
Debates approximately U.S. overseas coverage have revolved round 3 major traditions--liberal internationalism, realism, and nationalism. during this ebook, unusual political scientist Henry Nau delves deeply right into a fourth, missed international coverage culture that he calls "conservative internationalism." This method spreads freedom, like liberal internationalism; palms international relations, like realism; and preserves nationwide sovereignty, like nationalism. It ambitions an international of restricted govt or self sustaining "sister republics," no longer an international of serious energy concert events or centralized overseas institutions.
Nau explores conservative internationalism within the international regulations of Thomas Jefferson, James Polk, Harry Truman, and Ronald Reagan. those presidents did greater than any others to extend the arc of freedom utilizing a deft mix of strength, international relations, and compromise. for the reason that Reagan, presidents have swung backward and forward one of the major traditions, overreaching below Bush and now retrenching below Obama. Nau demonstrates that conservative internationalism bargains an alternate manner. It pursues freedom yet no longer all over the place, prioritizing events that border on current loose countries--Turkey, for instance, instead of Iraq. It makes use of lesser strength early to persuade negotiations instead of higher strength later after negotiations fail. And it reaches well timed compromises to profit army leverage and maintain public support.
A groundbreaking revival of a missed international coverage culture, Conservative Internationalism exhibits how the USA can successfully maintain worldwide management whereas respecting the restrictions of public will and fabric resources.
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Extra resources for Conservative internationalism : armed diplomacy under Jefferson, Polk, Truman, and Reagan
In hindsight, as I explore in chapters 4 and 5, both Polk and Jefferson are racists. But in foresight, they inspired and led a republic that moved faster over the next hundred years to emancipate minorities than Mexico or any European power might have if they had prevailed in the western territories. Polk was also a pioneer in orchestrating a tight minuet of reciprocal interaction between force and diplomacy—a particular emphasis, as I will show, of conservative internationalist thinking. Harry Truman expanded the cause of freedom for the first time beyond the confines of the western hemisphere and inspired the Cold War policy of militarized containment that incubated democracy in Germany, Western Europe, and Japan.
Because that’s the best way to reduce regime disparities, make countries feel more comfortable with one another, and end anarchy, the balancing of arms, and the threat of war. For all countries, therefore, the balance of power aims at altering the balance of regimes, not just stabilizing the balance of power. Tyrannies seek to tilt the balance toward despotism, democracies toward freedom. 57 It also 26 • Chapter 1 limits what diplomacy can achieve without the assertive use of force. For repeated compromise in international institutions may advance the goals of tyranny as easily as those of democracy, or it may simply make international institutions irrelevant as tyrannies use force to achieve their objectives outside these institutions.
Diplomacy plays a role, but it can never resolve fundamental differences. 56 Given the differences in internal regimes, security for both regimes requires the use of force and the balance of power. Neither country can feel safe in a world in which the other exists unless it is able to defend itself. The balance of power exists not as a preference or consequence of anarchy but because internal regimes differ. Thus, as long as domestic regimes diverge, world affairs plays out more like a realist than a liberal internationalist game.