Concrete Human Psychology by Wolff-Michael Roth

By Wolff-Michael Roth

Psychology, quantitative or qualitative, has a tendency to conceive of the human individual utilizing metaphysical suggestions and to split the sensible, affective, and highbrow features of participation in lifestyle. Lev S. Vygotsky, besides the fact that, used to be practicing a "concrete human psychology," a target that he expresses in a small, unfinished textual content of an identical identify. This booklet articulates the basis of and develops this kind of concrete human psychology in response to which all larger mental capabilities are relatives among folks earlier than being features, and in line with which character is the ensemble of societal kin with others individual has lived and skilled. Correlated with situation for the concreteness of human lifestyles and the psychology that theorizes it's the concept that to stay ability to alter. even though, not one of the different types we presently have in psychology are different types of switch as such. during this paintings of concrete human psychology, different types are built at the foundation of Vygotsky’s paintings which are appropriate to theorize an ever-changing lifestyles, together with the language people use to take keep watch over over their stipulations and to discuss the stipulations within which they live.

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In this chapter, I briefly elaborate these fundamental characteristics of Vygotsky’s methods that are presupposed in his theory of higher psychological functions and personality. Dialectical Materialism Consciousness has a long prehistory in the evolution of the animal world, but it appears in human beings as they organize work and societal relations. Consciousness, being the coproduct and an inner reflection (refraction) of productive labor, is marked by society as a whole. For Vygotsky, a scientific psychology has to show how, in the phylogenetic development from primitive forms of life, anything like the human mind could have developed, and, especially, how the transition to a qualitatively new form, human consciousness, could emerge and become the dominant characteristic in the conduct of life.

2. Published in Vygotskij, 2005, an English version is available in the Journal of Russian and East European Psychology. Its 176 citations pale against the 24,700 that Thought and Language receives in Google Scholar. ) 3. Both Vygotsky and Leont’ev (almost exclusively), drawing on K. , German) retain the distinction between the two terms. , & Engeström, Y. (1993). A cultural-historical approach to distributed cognition. In G. ), Distributed cognitions: Psychological and educational considerations (pp.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Roth, Wolff-Michael, 1953– Concrete human psychology : toward a biologically plausible approach / Wolff-Michael Roth. pages cm Includes bibliographical references and index. 1. Psychology—Philosophy. 2. Dialectical materialism—Psychological aspects. 3. Vygotskii, L. S. (Lev Semenovich), 1896–1934. I. Title. 1—dc23 2015008572 ISBN: 978-1-138-83309-8 (hbk) ISBN: 978-1-138-83310-4 (pbk) ISBN: 978-1-315-68002-6 (ebk) Typeset in Bembo by Apex CoVantage, LLC Contents Preface 1 On Method PART I Grounding Psychology 2 Psychology From First Principles 3 Language and Activity PART II Dynamics of Thinking, Speaking, and Language 4 The Birth of Thought 5 Language Alive 6 From Word-Meaning to Language-Game 7 The Real Life of Language PART III Learning and Development 8 Anthropology of Higher Psychological Functions 9 From Work to Representation 10 Knowing and Learning at Work 11 Personhood in Practice 12 The Documentary Method or the Concrete General Epilogue 13 Relational Epistemology Appendix Index Preface [Vygotsky] was the first who already in his article “Consciousness as a problem for the psychology of behavior” raised the problem of the need for a concrete psychological study of consciousness as a concrete psychological reality.

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