British Submarine vs Italian Torpedo Boat: Mediterranean by David Greentree

By David Greentree

As the struggle in North Africa escalated, Axis army efforts turned more and more depending on offer strains around the Mediterranean. to attempt to sever those traces of offer, the British deployed submarines from the besieged island of Malta with the directive to sink as a lot service provider convoy tonnage as attainable. Italy replied by means of sending her torpedo boats to guard and escort Axis convoys.

that includes especially commissioned full-color paintings and thoroughly selected archive photos, this enticing learn assesses the evolving conflict among Britain's submarines and Italy's torpedo boats within the fight for primacy within the Mediterranean on the top of worldwide struggle II.

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56 per cent studied engineering. Those that were literate were sent into technical branches. There was a ‘shortage of technical talent that placed severe limits on the extent to which the Italian armed forces could imagine, commission, operate and maintain complex machinery’ (O’Hara, Dickson & Worth 2014: 129). Nevertheless, sailors showed dedication to duty in trying situations, and at the end of World War II the Regia Marina, despite losses, remained intact with its morale unbroken. An unnamed stoker, serving on board the cruiser Giovanni dalle Bande Nere near Stromboli, described being torpedoed at 0900hrs on 1 April 1942 by Urge in the forward boiler area; he was in the aft boiler area and made it to the upper deck where he ‘started looking for a life vest, but then I decided to jump without wearing 24/02/2016 15:33 one’; he was ‘in the water for a long time until the destroyers in escort [Aviere and the torpedo boat Libra], after having thrown some depth charges against the submarine which had torpedoed us’ picked him up.

ITALIAN The Regia Marina expanded from 74,680 to 168,800 sailors at the outbreak of World War II, and to 259,100 by September 1943. In 1931, 20 per cent of Italian sailors were illiterate; the percentage was greater among recruits from southern Italy, the Regia Marina’s primary recruiting ground. Some 53 per cent of ratings were volunteers serving a four-year term, while draftees served two years. 56 per cent studied engineering. Those that were literate were sent into technical branches. There was a ‘shortage of technical talent that placed severe limits on the extent to which the Italian armed forces could imagine, commission, operate and maintain complex machinery’ (O’Hara, Dickson & Worth 2014: 129).

By August 1942, escorts were going to sea unprepared for 24-day missions every month: Sagittario on 19 August without working sonar, radio or radio-telephone; Lince without enough depth charges. 6kn and 40kn, respectively, and the late Mk VIII** 7,000yd at 41kn. A contact pistol detonated the warhead when the torpedo struck the target. A non-contact compensated coil rod (CCR) magnetic pistol was developed to detonate the warhead underneath a target, but often these detonated early. There was a severe torpedo shortage, and so some old Mk IV warheads were fitted to Mk VIII bodies.

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