Berlin - Washington, 1800-2000: Capital Cities, Cultural by Andreas Daum, Christof Mauch

By Andreas Daum, Christof Mauch

This assortment examines the city areas of Berlin and Washington and offers a comparative cultural historical past of 2 eminent geographical regions within the smooth period. all the towns has assumed, from time to time, a legendary caliber and so they were noticeable as collective symbols, with targets and contradictions that replicate the geographical regions they symbolize. Such matters such stand within the centre of this quantity. The authors ask what those capitals have intended for the country and discover the kin among structure, political rules, and social fact. issues diversity from Thomas Jefferson's rules in regards to the new capital of the USA to the production of the Holocaust memorial in Berlin, from nineteenth-century viewers to small-town Washington to the protesters of the 1968 scholar stream in West Berlin. This energetic number of essays speaks to audiences as various as historians, city sociologists, architects and readers attracted to cultural reports.

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Kentucky was demanding statehood, and five thousand Americans lived north of the Ohio River. The West was bordered on the north by British Canada and on the south and west by Spanish territory. The Spanish were making overtures to Western political leaders to encourage them to secede from the United States and declare allegiance to the Spanish crown. The future of the American West and its problems was an important issue in federal politics. Westerners did not believe that the federal government took their concerns seriously, and they complained in particular to George Washington and James Madison, who made Western needs central to their arguments in favor of placing the capital on the Potomac River.

S. federal government. , Berlin, 147–77. , 2000). 65 See Alan H. , 1861–1902 (Baltimore, 1994); and Rowat, “Ways of Governing,”150–4. Cambridge Collections Online © Cambridge University Press, 2007 22 Andreas W. 66 Both systems are based on the idea of dividing power functions among various actors and not limiting them to the national government. This stipulation prevents the national center from becoming the only place where decisions of national concern are being made. The tradition of federalism has also played an important role in limiting the political-integrative functions of Berlin and Washington.

Many would probably immediately think of Berlin. The answer is not that simple, however. Berlin has been the official capital under five different political systems, and each change of system brought renewed debate on the location of the capital. After it was declared the capital of Imperial Germany in 1871, Berlin became one of the most important European industrial centers. Its national and international reputation peaked in the 1920s, giving birth to the “myth 2 Kenneth R. Bowling, “From ‘Federal Town’ to ‘National Capital,’” Washington History 14 (Spring/ Summer 2002): 8–25.

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