By John Tirman, James G. Blight, Janet M. Lang, Hussein Banai, Malcolm Byrne
Changing into Enemies brings the original tools of serious oral heritage, constructed to check flashpoints from the chilly struggle corresponding to the Cuban Missile problem, to appreciate U.S. and Iranian kin from the autumn of the Shah in 1978 during the Iranian hostage drawback and the Iran-Iraq warfare. students and previous officers concerned with U.S. and UN coverage take a clean examine U.S and Iranian family in this time, with certain emphasis at the U.S. function within the Iran-Iraq struggle. With its notable declassified documentation and oral testimony that undergo without delay on questions of U.S. policymaking in regards to the Iran-Iraq struggle, turning into Enemies unearths a lot that used to be formerly unknown approximately U.S. coverage ahead of, in the course of, and after the battle. They transcend mere reportage to supply classes concerning primary international coverage demanding situations to the U.S. that go beyond time and position.
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Additional resources for Becoming Enemies: U.S.-Iran Relations and the Iran-Iraq War, 1979-1988
It is best just to give up and follow along to survive, to avoid total destruction and annexation. Mearsheimer points out that this was the best policy for Bulgaria and Romania during the first moments of World War II and the rise of Nazi Germany. ). On the other hand, Belgium and the Netherlands during this time were determined to fend off Nazi German advances resulting in their defeat. Nazi Germany invaded the Low Lands to target its main opponent, France. As seen, these are matters of great power politics and there are instances where weak states become the victim of the international system.
Reality” will be congruent neither with a theory nor with a model that may represent it . . Model is used in two principle ways. In one sense a model represents a theory. In one sense a model pictures reality while simplifying it, say, through omission or through reduction of scale . . A model airplane should look like a real airplane . . The model then presents the theory, with its theoretical notions necessarily omitted, whether through organismic, mechanical, mathematical, or other expressions.
Again building on Neoclassical Realism, underdevelopment is the main survival threat for weak states. This will serve to justify creating an alternative explanation for weak state behavior outside Structural Realist theory and its focus on security. For weak states, security forms a secondary function because it is successfully buck-passed, or outsourced to the great powers of the system. Moving past the state, they also buck-pass transnational threats to great powers. They buck-pass successfully for two reasons.