By D.R. Dorondo
An exam of the query of German federalism, this examine goals to give a contribution to a extra thorough knowing of the evolution of the Bavarian federalist proposal as espoused by means of the Bavarian People's celebration and the Christian Social Union. Dorondo, evaluating the federalist case placed by means of either events, exhibits that whereas major variations exist, own and ideological hyperlinks among the 2 events will be obvious to span the void created through dictatorship and struggle.
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Additional resources for Bavaria and German Federalism: Reich to Republic, 1918-33, 1945-49
The one significant territorial exception in the newly re-established Bavaria was the loss of the Rhenish Palatinate which had belonged to Bavaria in one fashion or another since 1214. Much to the Bavarians' discomfiture, this region was administratively incorporated in the French zone of occupation, as was the city and district of Lindau, the latter thus forming a bridge between the French occupation areas in Austria and Germany. Otherwise, the Bavaria of September 1945 encompassed the same area as that of the kingdom of Bavaria following the Congress of Vienna.
The next opportunity for the BVP to put the case for Reichsreform came during the Ldnderkonferenz of January 1928. The conference had been preceded by an informal meeting the previous December of the ministerpresidents of the Lander. At the earlier meeting the issue of the federal reform of the Reich had, not surprisingly, once again hung fire. As a result, the Prussian minister-president, Otto Braun, and the mayor of Hamburg, Karl Petersen, suggested to the Reich government that a full-fledged plenary conference of the states be called to discuss the problem.
The military government, constrained by JCS 1067, felt compelled to implement a definitive approval process to ensure new parties' democratic credentials. This process included the collection by aspiring parties of the signatures of 25 certified non-Nazis on a petition; 'clean' denazification questionnaires of members; and regular reports of party activity to the military government. The State Department advocated a somewhat less cumbersome procedure. 10 Rapid or not, however, the establishment of political parties - in the Western, non-totalitarian sense of the word - was consistent with the Potsdam decisions to effect a decentralization of political and economic power in Germany.