By Jeffry A. Simpson PhD, W. Steven Rholes PhD
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Extra info for Attachment Theory and Research: New Directions and Emerging Themes
Schneider, B. , & Tardif, C. (2001). Child–parent attachment and children’s peer relations: A quantitative review. Developmental Psychology, 37, 86–100. , & Sroufe, L. A. (1994). Stages of friendship growth in preadolescence as related to attachment history. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 11, 341–361. , & Simonsohn, U. (2011). False-positive psychology: Undisclosed flexibility in data collection and analysis allow presenting anything as significant. Psychological Science, 22, 1359–1366.
It involves an innovative integration of psychoanalytic object relations theories with cognitive and developmental psychology, cybernetic systems theory, and primate ethology (Bowlby, 1969/1982). From its conception, Bowlby (1969/1982) described attachment by using biological and neural terms, such as the behavioral system. A behavioral system is a biologically based, evolved inborn program in an individual’s central nervous system that governs the selection, activation, and termination of behavioral sequences.
2005), there is potentially a lot of value in studying cascades in intensive longitudinal studies in the social-psychological literature. , time spent apart, verbal communication). The Legacy of Early Experiences One of the challenges of understanding the way in which early attachment experiences translate into subsequent adaptation has to do with issues of developmental timing. Specifically, when most scholars speak of the 26 ATTACHMENT THEORY AND RESEARCH potential impact of early attachment experiences on subsequent outcomes, they implicitly (and sometimes explicitly) are suggesting that experiences that take place early in life are more influential in shaping personality development than comparable experiences that take place later in time.