An Idealistic Pragmatism: The Development of the Pragmatic by Mary Briody Mahowald (auth.)

By Mary Briody Mahowald (auth.)

When I first turned accustomed to the idea of the yank philoso­ pher Josiah Royce, components really intrigued me. the 1st was once Royce's declare that the inspiration of neighborhood used to be his major metaphysical guideline; the second one was once his shut organization with the 2 American pragmatists, Charles Sanders Peirce and William James. concerning the first issue, i used to be struck via the truth that a thinker who died in 1916 may still emphasize a subject of such modern value not just in philosophy yet in such a lot of different very important fields besides (sociology, psychology, politics, theology - to call just a few). in regards to the moment, i used to be curious as to if the pragmatism of Peirce and James may have stimulated Royce in the course of the process their specialist and private contacts. equally, I puzzled even if the idealism of Royce may have affected the concept of Peirce and James. To have appeased my interest in regard to all 3 thinkers, even if, might have required (at least) 3 books. As a begin i've got now appeased it in regard to at least one. In studying the writings of Royce i discovered my solution to the Houghton Library and to the information of Harvard collage at Cambridge, Massa­ chusetts, the place the unpublished manuscripts of Royce are preserved. (No modifying task has but been performed in this bulk of fabric, notwithstanding such will surely be a welcome contribution to American philosophy.

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18. Hereafter, Prag. B1 cr. John Dewey, Philosophy and Civilization (New York: G. P. Putnanl'S Sons, 1931), 13 ff. "22 He insists that this doctrine is neither a metaphysics nor a theory of truth. Moreover, even when so limited, pragmatism does not apply to all ideas but only to what he calls "intellectual concepts," that is, those which determine our knowledge of objective facts. 23 The "hard words" name the objective facts, and "abstract concepts" provide categories for them. " The maxim according to which pragmatism clarifies ideas in order to judge their meanings was first announced as the following: Consider what effects, that might conceivably have practical bearings, we conceive the object of our conception to have.

20 INTRODUCTION nature, Peirce rather fiery and overbearing. Of the three, James was certainly the most gifted in the social virtues. Consequently, Perry observes that Peirce and Royce, who were lonely souls and more or less disqualified for social and public relations, emphasized the community, both as a reality, and as an ideal; James, the most sociable and urbane of men, - actively, eagerly, almost painfully interested in the state of his country and the world, - proclaimed the supreme value of those feelings and strivings which are unique in each individual, and whose authentic quality is immediately revealed to him alone.

How to Make Our Ideas Clear" in CP V, #388-410. CP V, #414. as Cf. CPV, #413. S8 CP V, #436. , see Edward C. Moore, American Pragmatism: Peirce, James and Dewey (New York: Columbia University Press, 1961), 7. " CP V, #494. 80 See Ch. IX in Part Three. "31 Moreover, while Peirce viewed pragmatism merely as a method, James considered pragmatism both a method and a theory of truth. His main emphasis, in discussing the former, was to show pragmatism as a method of settling metaphysical disputes that might otherwise prove interminably unsolvable.

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