By H.Peter Gray
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Extra info for An Aggregate Theory of International Payments Adjustment
Quasi-adjustments by foreign governments will comprise mainly reversible data-effects since they cannot be kept on indefinitely without engendering retaliation or losing their effectiveness. Data-effects can occur, within the set of assumptions that governs period analysis, only in the intervals between the periods. Thus for each nation the totality of data-effects can be expected to introduce a shift in the TT schedule in each period except in the happy, but improbable, case in which data-effects cancel each other out.
The competitive position is conceived of as the ratio of foreign price levels to domestic price levels interrelated by the rate of exchange between the two currencies. 33 The ratio is defined in such a way that an increase in its value will amount to a depreciation of the domestic currency in 31 J. E. Meade, The Balance of Payments (London: Oxford University Press, 1952) p. 15. 32 Harry G. Johnson, 'Towards a General Theory of the Balance of Payments', in International Trade and Economic Growth (London: Geo.
4 The description derives from Keynes himself, see 'The General Theory of Employment', Quarterly Journal of Economics 51 (February 1937) pp. 209-23: reprinted in The New Economics, ed. Seymour E. Harris (New York: Alfred E. Knopf, 1947) pp. 181-93. 5 The word is used in Schumpeter's sense: see Joseph A. Schumpeter, History of Economic Analysis (New York: Oxford University Press, 1954) p. 41. 25-37. 7 The belief is that the performance of the economic system can be improved to a significant degree and even made to function acceptably well, by deliberately influencing a few key aggregates.