America's Challenge: Engaging a Rising China in the by Michael D. Swaine

By Michael D. Swaine

The emergence of the People's Republic of China at the global scene constitutes the main major occasion in global politics because the finish of global warfare II. because the global s important political, financial, and armed forces energy, the USA faces a very major problem in responding to China's emerging strength and impression, specially in Asia. providing a clean point of view on present and destiny U.S. coverage towards China, Michael Swaine examines the elemental pursuits and ideology at the back of U.S.-China kin, contemporary U.S. and chinese language coverage practices in seven key parts, and destiny tendencies probably to impact U.S. coverage. American leaders, he concludes, needs to reexamine yes easy assumptions and ways relating to America's place within the Western Pacific, combine China coverage extra successfully right into a broader Asian approach, and recalibrate the U.S. stability among cooperative engagement and deterrence towards Beijing.

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S. S. economy continues to stagnate, America’s relative military position could diminish notably in the Western Pacific, in perception if not in reality. Such a dynamic could unnerve both friends and allies. S. officials to assert the need for the United States to maintain clear predominance over Beijing at whatever cost. S. military capabilities on issues such as Taiwan. Instead, Washington should undertake greater efforts to strengthen its military relationship with China, push back against hawkish voices in the defense community, and seek to enhance strategic dialogues at both the bilateral and multilateral level.

This approach would certainly not neglect America’s bilateral relations with its democratic allies and friends. To the contrary, it would greatly emphasize working with them, but not so much to strengthen deterrence efforts toward Beijing as to increase common incentives for cooperation, as part of the effort to build a more inclusive multilateral political, economic, and— perhaps eventually—security mechanism in Asia. To some extent, this approach would view China not only as the most important new power player in Asia (and most likely globally) but also as a power that has many reasons to deepen cooperation with the United States and few reasons to openly oppose it, as long as Washington does not engage in provocative behavior.

Should the United States constrain potentially adverse Chinese behavior and encourage Chinese cooperation by basing its approach to Beijing first and foremost on its bilateral alliance relationships in Asia? In other words, can Washington best influence Beijing’s behavior by placing a priority on enhancing its cooperative relations and security ties with key allies such as Tokyo while treating Beijing as an important but not necessarily central interlocutor and partner? This approach would place a premium on downplaying differences with allies while working to deepen defense cooperation and (in the case of Japan and possibly other allies) expand security roles and missions in Asia and beyond.

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