By Catriona I. Macleod
Winner of the Rhodes college Vice-Chancellor's ebook Award 2012!
Winner of the 2011 special booklet Award of the organization for ladies in Psychology!
Why, regardless of facts on the contrary, does the narrative of the detrimental results of juvenile being pregnant, abortion and childbearing persist? This booklet argues that the negativity surrounding early replica is underpinned by way of a selected realizing of youth. It strains the discovery of "adolescence" and the imaginary wall that the proposal constructs among teenagers and adults. Macleod examines the entrenched prestige of "adolescence" inside of a colonialist discourse that equates improvement of the person with the advance of civilisation, and the resultant possibility of degeneration that "adolescence" implies.
Many very important matters are explored, comparable to the discovery of youngster being pregnant and abortion as a social challenge; problems with race, tradition and culture with regards to teenage being pregnant; and overall healthiness merchant practices, in particular with regards to dealing with possibility. within the ultimate bankruptcy, a controversy is made for a shift from the signifier "teenage being pregnant" to "unwanted pregnancy".
Using information amassed from reports world wide, this e-book highlights valuable matters within the international debate referring to teenage being pregnant. it really is excellent for lecturers, and scholars of healthiness psychology, women’s reviews, nursing and sociology, in addition to practitioners within the fields of teenybopper and social paintings, medication and counselling.
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Additional info for 'Adolescence', Pregnancy and Abortion: Constructing a Threat of Degeneration
As discussed earlier, this imposition of self-control represented the mark of the civilized race. Thus, `adolescence' represented a period of self-restraint together with the development of higher, evolutionary traits, such as morality, reason and other civilized competencies. Once again, these applied only to males. In contrast, Hall argued that the female `adolescent's' chief developmental task was to avoid exertions of any type that could interfere with her capacity to reproduce. Moran (2000) concludes his chapter on the invention of the sexual adolescent with the following statements: Meeting the needs of the modern adolescent required a modern method.
Thus, for young Africans, the idea that `primitive' societies evolve into `civilized' ones operated on two levels as age and race intersected. Through the school, young people in Africa became the bridge not only between child and adult life but also literally between an entire society's so-called primitive character and so-called civilization. In the West theorists comfortably stated that ontogeny recapitulated phylogeny (namely that teenagers' move from childhood to adulthood resembles the move of humankind from primitiveness to civilization), with the implication of semblance rather than actuality.
The invention of adolescence and its interweaving with colonialist concerns is not gender blind. DeLuzio (2007) outlines how Stanley Hall con¯ated his theory of `adolescence' with the development of the civilized boy. Indeed, his work was dubbed by one of his followers as `boyology' because of the basic assumption that the quintessential end goal of individual development through adolescence was the white, middle-class, civilized male. 25 ADOLESCENCE AS TRANSITION? Hall believed that `savage' behaviour would form part of the civilized boy's behaviour.