Adaptive Origins: Evolution and Human Development by Peter LaFrenière

By Peter LaFrenière

In this text, students are invited to reconsider psychology by means of grounding it within the ordinary sciences with the certainty that evolutionary and developmental strategies interact with tradition to resolve difficulties of human version. those procedures are forged as interdependent: improvement can't be understood other than within the mild of evolutionary thought, and the easiest facts of evolution is the actual fact of improvement. for college kids of evolutionary psychology, the entire imperative issues -- such as advanced psychological modules for idea of brain or language -- require an figuring out of the developmental procedures that bring about their expression. Genes, as vital as they're, are by no means the complete tale.

The role of organic elements is explored in chapters outlining evolution, improvement, genetics, human origins, hormones and the mind. Then, the integrative price of this evolutionary/developmental imaginative and prescient in knowing key issues in psychology is illustrated by way of utilising it to standard sector of inquiry together with infancy and attachment, feelings and their expression, social family with friends, cognitive and language improvement, intercourse variations, courtship and mating, violence and aggression, and cooperation and pageant.

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A good example of a homologous expressive behavior that has been selected for in human infants is smiling. As a congenitally organized behavior, the smile requires no prior learning in its production and functions to elicit care giving immediately after birth, before the expression is fully integrated into an emotion system. One means to dramatically illustrate the inborn nature of the infant’s expressive repertoire is to observe the facial expressions of children born deaf and blind. 6). They smile when their mother caresses them, laugh excitedly during stimulating play, cry when hurt, and frown and clench their teeth when angered.

Evolutionary biology owes a remarkably large portion of its concepts to Charles Darwin, and ethology to Konrad Lorenz” (Mayr, 1982, p. 42). Konrad Lorenz is best known for his work on imprinting in the graylag geese; Niko Tinbergen studied aggression in species of fish like sticklebacks; and Karl von Frisch was interested in communication in bees. Together these three scientists were awarded the 1973 Nobel Prize for establishing the foundations of ethology. ” In this seminal paper, Lorenz introduces the new science of ethology, articulates its basic concepts and methods and provides a comprehensive discussion of the different types of relationships systematically observed among birds.

Indeed, many of the key theoretical advances that have been incorporated into 21st-century evolutionary thought were summarized by Wilson in 1975. In this brief account, I shall focus on four key concepts that were all part of the theoretical biologists’ toolkit 30 years before the advent of evolutionary psychology. These key advances were made by the sociobiologists William D. Hamilton and Robert Trivers. Inclusive Fitness and Reciprocal Altruism Considered by many as one of the most important evolutionary theorists since Darwin, Hamilton (1964) is most well known for his concept of kin altruism or inclusive fitness.

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