By Alan Farmer
The fourth variation of this bestselling name charts the process British international coverage from the top of the 1st global warfare and the Treaty of Versailles, to the social and monetary results of the second one global struggle. there's a specific concentration and research of the problem of appeasement during the interval, specially within the run-up to the second one international struggle. Public opinion and the position of key participants is explored all through and the narrative concludes with an interpretation of the explanations of and purposes for British overseas rules around the period.
Throughout the ebook, key dates, phrases and concerns are highlighted, and historic interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are integrated to consolidate wisdom and realizing of the interval, and exam-style questions and counsel written via examiners give you the chance to increase examination skills.
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Exam tips The cross-references are intended to take you straight to the material that will help you to answer the questions. You should try to present your reasons in a way which emphasises the links between them and you should show some evaluation of the most important or identify an overarching theme. You will need to refer to: • • • French worries about growing German strength (pages 35–8) British opposition to a strengthening of the League of Nations (pages 40–1) Stresemann’s ambitions (pages 38–9).
The main problem was Germany’s claim for parity of treatment. Britain was prepared to accept this claim, but France, still fearing Germany, was not prepared to reduce its forces without watertight guarantees of security. It proved impossible to ﬁnd a compromise between Germany’s demand for equality and France’s demand for security. The end of reparations Despite failure on the disarmament front, MacDonald continued to hope that the just grievances of Germany could be settled by negotiation. Given Germany’s dreadful economic position (over ﬁve million people unemployed in 1932), a conference meeting in June 1932 at Lausanne in Switzerland agreed that reparation payments should be abolished.
They concluded military agreements with Eastern European states, such as Poland (1921) and Czechoslovakia (1924). British governments opposed most aspects of French policy. Few British statesmen actually trusted France. In 1920 a Channel 36 | British Foreign Affairs: Saving Europe at a Cost? 1919–60 tunnel project was rejected by the Foreign Ofﬁce on the grounds that ‘our relations with France never have been and are not, and probably never will be, sufﬁciently stable and friendly to justify the building of a Channel tunnel’.