A New Unified Theory of Psychology by Gregg Henriques

By Gregg Henriques

Obstacle approximately psychology’s fragmentation isn't new, yet there has for the earlier decade been expanding demands psychologists to recognize to the prices linked to fragmentation and to look for methods to unify the discipline.

A New Unified idea of Psychology introduces a brand new procedure that addresses psychology’s present theoretical and philosophical problems. the hot concept comprises 4 interlocking items that jointly provide—for the 1st time—a macro-level view that clarifies the character of psychology’s difficulties and provides a transparent approach to unify many of the parts of the sphere. The unified concept presents the sector of psychology with a well-defined subject material, permitting either educational psychologists might be capable of enhance a shared language and conceptual foundation.

Reviews:

From the reviews:

"...the writer takes at the tremendous formidable problem of defining psychology, articulating conceptually its kin with different sciences, picking out its key theoretical ideas, and resolving its quite a few schisms (research/practice, neuroscience/social technology, animal/human, bewildering array of doubtless nonoverlapping theories and therapies)...He has a great skill to explain, examine, and summarize in a number of pages mammoth and complex components of study (attributions, cognitive dissonance, behavioral versions of depression.......) with out getting slowed down in research details...I specially loved the extra own information and anecdotes the ebook structure gave him the distance to incorporate -- e.g., improvement of the "Justification Hypothesis" because the "joint point" among brain and tradition takes to the air from his reflections on why he was once overdue getting domestic for dinner one evening in grad college. and a few of his reviews on psychotherapy integration take as aspect of departure specific research of what he saw as undertaking director for a medical trial of cognitive treatment in prevention of recurrent suicide makes an attempt that by no means made the ultimate released file of the study...All informed, it's no longer gentle studying, but when you take pleasure in considering giant photograph themes you can find loads of foodstuff for idea here." (Dave Haaga, American college, September 2011)

"Like sociology and anthropology, psychology is outlined by way of incompatible competing colleges of thought.and can't be thought of a mature technology, simply because there is not any experience during which every one iteration of researchers builds upon the center analytical insights of earlier generations of researchers… This booklet is written for scientific and learn psychologists, and accordingly avoids one of these mathematical version construction and axiomatization that's attribute of mature sciences… Henriques notes that it really is virtually most unlikely to outline modern psychology simply because many psychologists give some thought to psychology to be a thought of the workings of the brain, whereas others deny the suggestion of "mind" altogether, and restrict themselves to modeling saw habit. therefore, Henriques takes his first objective to be that of "locating" the sphere ontologically. He argues that there's a Tree of information with 4 segments. the 1st is "Matter," that is studied by means of physics, chemistry, geology, and astronomy. the second one is "Life," studied by means of biology. The 3rd is "Mind," that's the subject material of psychology, and the fourth, and optimum, is "Culture," studied through the social sciences. Henriques will pay distinct awareness to the 3 issues of junction among segments of the Tree of data. He says the Matter-Life junction is modeled by way of organic evolutionary conception, the Life-Mind junction is modeled via what he calls Behavioral funding conception, and the Mind-Culture junction is modeled by means of what he calls Justification thought. by means of Behavioral funding thought, Henriques capacity primarily the rational selection version of choice, organic and fiscal thought, even though he provides a size of complexity to human habit through announcing that Justification idea calls for a "rational emotional actor" that isn't thoroughly modeled in normal rational selection thought (p., 46). i'd upload that Henriques additionally contains video game thought as a part of Behavioral funding concept, just because decision-making while there are a number of brokers concerned calls for game-theoretic reasoning. This perspective is uncomplicated to financial idea. In biology, the extension of selection conception (e.g., foraging idea) to video game idea used to be pioneered via John Maynard Smith, Evolution and the speculation of video games (Cambridge collage Press, 1982), and now's regular in all of animal habit concept. In Henriques' leading edge terminology, social interactions are ruled by way of an "Influence Matrix," that's a part of the psychology of the person who regulates how the person pertains to others. Henriques stresses the emotional facet of such interplay and avoids all video game theoretic reasoning in addition to any research of the function of incentives and payoffs within the number of behaviors ruled through the impression Matrix… i feel Henriques' espousal of Behavioral funding conception is crucial integrating suggestion during this ebook. If this precept by myself have been integrated uniformly all through study psychology, it will offer a lot of the sought-for analytical core…A New Unified thought of Psychology is terrifically hard, to the purpose of might be being a brand new starting for psychology as a learn discipline.” (Herb Gintis, Santa Fe Institute and crucial ecu collage, September 2011)

“Offers a collection of nested frameworks that places diverse elements of mental study and perform right into a coherent courting with one another. … it's also necessary that the booklet has very good transitions, with summaries usually reminding the readers the place they've been and waiting for the place they're going. … If i'll train a graduate-level advent to Psychology, this is able to be the booklet. If i'll suggest one ebook to colleagues distraught on the fragmented nature of the sector, this could be the book.” (Eric P. Charles, PsycCRITIQUES, Vol. fifty seven (26), July, 2012)

From the again Cover
Summary

Following the dying of the so-called grand theories provided through luminaries like Sigmund Freud, B. F. Skinner, and Carl Rogers, the sphere of psychology mostly gave up its early aspirations to color a vast photo of the human , and now the self-discipline focuses totally on empirical difficulties that experience a comparatively slender scope. The outcome has been a proliferation of attention-grabbing findings without genuine means to respond to titanic questions or to generate a shared basic knowing of the human situation. This ebook seeks to alter the established order and provides up a brand new unified concept of psychology that redefines the technological know-how and the career and paints a brand new photograph of human nature within the strategy.

Praise for
A New Unified idea of Psychology

“The box of psychology is understood for its paradoxical mix of sweeping scope and bold micro-theories, at the one hand, and fragmentation and internecine squabbling, at the different. To this situation, any critical attempt to supply integration and cohesion inside mental wisdom and knowing is heartily welcomed. And Henriques' attempt during this regard isn't just critical, yet the most cogent, scholarly, refined, superbly reasoned, basically articulated, and accessibly written displays of a unified idea in psychology that i've got obvious in my 50 years within the discipline.”

Daniel B. Fishman, writer of The Case for Pragmatic Psychology,
Professor, Rutgers University

“As the sector of psychology has grown, so have the demanding situations of fragmentation and of misunderstandings. This courageous e-book represents a noble quest to supply a extensive, values-based, and medical framework which holds the ability to prepare our paintings and circulate us ahead in powerful, new ways.”

Lawrence G. Calhoun, writer of Facilitating Post-Traumatic Growth,
Professor, collage of North Carolina-Charlotte

“In this very formidable booklet, Henriques makes a powerful case for why daring efforts are wanted within the fragmented realm of mental learn and concept. even supposing assorted readers will most likely make assorted judgments approximately how good Henriques has succeeded in his goals, it however is an act of highbrow bold which could might be encourage psychologists to appear open air the slender confines of a unmarried laboratory paradigm and open their considering to tips to tackle the total variety of human habit and experience.”

Paul L. Wachtel, writer of healing Communication,
Distinguished Professor, CUNY

“Concise, erudite, and sensible, this publication is a manifesto that demanding situations psychology to maneuver previous fragmented domain names of information to a consilient framework, so that it will enable multi-disciplinary discourse and clinical advances. I recommend all scientists, psychotherapists, and students spend your time familiarizing themselves with the recommendations and proposals awarded during this seminal quantity by way of a number one scholar.”

Jeffrey Magnavita, writer of character Guided Relational Psychotherapy,

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A New Unified Theory of Psychology

Hindrance approximately psychology’s fragmentation isn't new, yet there has for the previous decade been expanding demands psychologists to recognize to the prices linked to fragmentation and to go looking for methods to unify the discipline.

A New Unified thought of Psychology introduces a brand new method that addresses psychology’s present theoretical and philosophical problems. the recent conception involves 4 interlocking items that jointly provide—for the 1st time—a macro-level view that clarifies the character of psychology’s difficulties and gives a transparent method to unify a number of the parts of the sector. The unified idea presents the sector of psychology with a well-defined subject material, permitting either educational psychologists may be capable of improve a shared language and conceptual foundation.

Reviews:

From the reviews:

". .. the writer takes at the tremendous bold problem of defining psychology, articulating conceptually its kinfolk with different sciences, making a choice on its key theoretical ideas, and resolving its quite a few schisms (research/practice, neuroscience/social technological know-how, animal/human, bewildering array of doubtless nonoverlapping theories and therapies). .. He has an excellent skill to explain, study, and summarize in a couple of pages colossal and intricate components of analysis (attributions, cognitive dissonance, behavioral versions of melancholy. .. .. .. ) with out getting slowed down in examine information. .. I particularly loved the extra own info and anecdotes the booklet structure gave him the gap to incorporate -- e. g. , improvement of the "Justification Hypothesis" because the "joint point" among brain and tradition takes to the air from his reflections on why he used to be past due getting domestic for dinner one evening in grad institution. and a few of his reviews on psychotherapy integration take as aspect of departure unique research of what he saw as undertaking director for a medical trial of cognitive remedy in prevention of recurrent suicide makes an attempt that by no means made the ultimate released file of the examine. .. All instructed, it's no longer mild analyzing, but when you get pleasure from brooding about immense photo issues you can find loads of meals for idea right here. " (Dave Haaga, American college, September 2011)

"Like sociology and anthropology, psychology is outlined through incompatible competing colleges of inspiration. and can't be thought of a mature technology, simply because there isn't any feel during which every one iteration of researchers builds upon the center analytical insights of earlier generations of researchers… This publication is written for medical and study psychologists, and for this reason avoids this kind of mathematical version construction and axiomatization that's attribute of mature sciences… Henriques notes that it's nearly very unlikely to outline modern psychology simply because many psychologists ponder psychology to be a thought of the workings of the brain, whereas others deny the inspiration of "mind" altogether, and restrict themselves to modeling saw habit. as a result, Henriques takes his first aim to be that of "locating" the sphere ontologically. He argues that there's a Tree of information with 4 segments. the 1st is "Matter," that's studied through physics, chemistry, geology, and astronomy. the second one is "Life," studied by way of biology. The 3rd is "Mind," that's the subject material of psychology, and the fourth, and maximum, is "Culture," studied through the social sciences. Henriques can pay targeted cognizance to the 3 issues of junction among segments of the Tree of information. He says the Matter-Life junction is modeled by way of organic evolutionary concept, the Life-Mind junction is modeled by way of what he calls Behavioral funding concept, and the Mind-Culture junction is modeled via what he calls Justification thought. by way of Behavioral funding concept, Henriques ability basically the rational selection version of selection, organic and monetary thought, even if he provides a size of complexity to human habit by way of asserting that Justification conception calls for a "rational emotional actor" that isn't correctly modeled in commonplace rational selection idea (p. , 46). i would upload that Henriques additionally comprises video game concept as a part of Behavioral funding idea, just because decision-making while there are a number of brokers concerned calls for game-theoretic reasoning. This perspective is simple to financial concept. In biology, the extension of determination conception (e. g. , foraging idea) to video game idea was once pioneered via John Maynard Smith, Evolution and the speculation of video games (Cambridge college Press, 1982), and now could be ordinary in all of animal habit concept. In Henriques' cutting edge terminology, social interactions are ruled through an "Influence Matrix," that's a part of the psychology of the person who regulates how the person pertains to others. Henriques stresses the emotional part of such interplay and avoids all online game theoretic reasoning in addition to any research of the position of incentives and payoffs within the number of behaviors ruled via the effect Matrix… i think Henriques' espousal of Behavioral funding concept is crucial integrating suggestion during this ebook. If this precept by myself have been included uniformly all through examine psychology, it will supply a lot of the sought-for analytical core…A New Unified conception of Psychology is terrifically hard, to the purpose of possibly being a brand new starting for psychology as a learn self-discipline. ” (Herb Gintis, Santa Fe Institute and crucial ecu college, September 2011)

“Offers a collection of nested frameworks that places diversified components of mental learn and perform right into a coherent courting with one another. … it's also precious that the e-book has very good transitions, with summaries usually reminding the readers the place they've been and looking forward to the place they're going. … If i may educate a graduate-level advent to Psychology, this may be the publication. If i may suggest one ebook to colleagues distraught on the fragmented nature of the sector, this is able to be the e-book. ” (Eric P. Charles, PsycCRITIQUES, Vol. fifty seven (26), July, 2012)

From the again Cover
Summary

Following the death of the so-called grand theories provided by way of luminaries like Sigmund Freud, B. F. Skinner, and Carl Rogers, the sphere of psychology mostly gave up its early aspirations to color a huge photograph of the human , and now the self-discipline focuses totally on empirical difficulties that experience a comparatively slender scope. The final result has been a proliferation of attention-grabbing findings without genuine ability to respond to enormous questions or to generate a shared basic figuring out of the human situation. This booklet seeks to alter the established order and provides up a brand new unified conception of psychology that redefines the technological know-how and the career and paints a brand new photo of human nature within the method.

Praise for
A New Unified thought of Psychology

“The box of psychology is understood for its paradoxical blend of sweeping scope and ambitious micro-theories, at the one hand, and fragmentation and internecine squabbling, at the different. To this scenario, any severe attempt to supply integration and solidarity inside of mental wisdom and realizing is heartily welcomed. And Henriques' attempt during this regard is not just severe, yet the most cogent, scholarly, subtle, fantastically reasoned, basically articulated, and accessibly written displays of a unified thought in psychology that i've got obvious in my 50 years within the self-discipline. ”

Daniel B. Fishman, writer of The Case for Pragmatic Psychology,
Professor, Rutgers collage

“As the sector of psychology has grown, so have the demanding situations of fragmentation and of misunderstandings. This courageous booklet represents a noble quest to supply a large, values-based, and medical framework which holds the ability to prepare our paintings and circulation us ahead in powerful, new methods. ”

Lawrence G. Calhoun, writer of Facilitating Post-Traumatic Growth,
Professor, college of North Carolina-Charlotte

“In this very bold publication, Henriques makes a powerful case for why daring efforts are wanted within the fragmented realm of mental examine and concept. even supposing assorted readers will most probably make diversified judgments approximately how good Henriques has succeeded in his goals, it however is an act of highbrow bold that could maybe motivate psychologists to appear outdoor the slim confines of a unmarried laboratory paradigm and open their pondering to find out how to handle the whole variety of human habit and adventure. ”

Paul L. Wachtel, writer of healing Communication,
Distinguished Professor, CUNY

“Concise, erudite, and functional, this ebook is a manifesto that demanding situations psychology to maneuver previous fragmented domain names of data to a consilient framework, on the way to permit multi-disciplinary discourse and clinical advances. I recommend all scientists, psychotherapists, and students spend it slow familiarizing themselves with the recommendations and proposals awarded during this seminal quantity by means of a number one pupil. ”

Jeffrey Magnavita, writer of character Guided Relational Psychotherapy,

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Additional info for A New Unified Theory of Psychology

Sample text

A group of fellow students became very animated, telling me I would go to Hell, that God was real, and that I needed to ask for forgiveness. Thinking about religious systems as mere belief systems, one could be surprised as this reaction. After all, why didn’t others simply hear my description and sit with the notion that The Nature of Justification Systems 21 different people believe different things? But if we see religious beliefs as justification systems, the charged nature of the response becomes immediately clear.

For now, I will provide one anecdote. I was raised in a secular home. Although my father experienced a religious conversion as a young adult at a Billy Graham revival, by the time I was born and raised the light had flickered out and our family was not at all religious. For some combination of reasons I do not recall, when I was in the eighth grade riding the bus home one day, I announced publicly that I was an atheist and that I thought (ala Richard Dawkins) that God was an illusion. The reaction from my fellow bus riders was surprising enough that I recall it to this day.

The system of ideas that make up modern psychology emerged in the West in the late nineteenth century. It is by convention dated to the opening of Wilhelm Wundt’s laboratory in 1879. Of course, many of the questions currently considered by psychology were reflected upon long before that time. So why does convention date modern psychology to Wundt? The reason is because, in Western academic justification systems, modern psychology is a branch of science and is thus split off from philosophy. This claim in turn raises the question: What justifies knowledge as scientific?

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